American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(9), 1251-1256
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-9-2
Open AccessArticle

English Article Writing of Iranian Doctoral Students

Sakineh Jafari1, Samaneh Jafari2 and Reza Kafipour3,

1English Department, Izlamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

2Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Southern Illinois Univeristy, Carbondale, United States

3English Department, Shiraz University of Medical Sceinces, Shiraz, Iran

Pub. Date: September 12, 2018

Cite this paper:
Sakineh Jafari, Samaneh Jafari and Reza Kafipour. English Article Writing of Iranian Doctoral Students. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(9):1251-1256. doi: 10.12691/education-6-9-2

Abstract

This study focused on doctoral students’ English article writing practices and the challenges they have faced in this process. For this purpose, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 Iranian PhD students from different disciplines individually. In addition, drafts of the participants' English articles were collected for data verification. The results revealed that the linguistic elements of writing in English, especially grammar, were regarded as the most problematic aspects, whereas the meta-linguistic and discourse features of the article writing as well as knowledge of technical vocabulary were not identified as problematic areas by these doctoral students. A common need which was felt by almost all of the participants was a comprehensive and explicit instruction on sentence structure and grammar in ESP courses. Although participants of this study pursued some strategies in order to respond to some challenges they faced in writing English articles, they called for greater cooperation with ESP/EAP practitioners in order to ease the process of publishing their work in English.

Keywords:
ESP English article writing explicit instruction grammar linguistic elements

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Fulwiler, T. (2002). College Writing: A Personal Approach to Academic Writing: ERIC.
 
[2]  Murray, R., & Moore, S. (2006). The Handbook of Academic Writing: A Fresh Approach: McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
 
[3]  Canseco, G., & Byrd, P. (1989). Writing Required in Graduate Courses in Business Administration. TESOL Quarterly, 23(2), 305-316.
 
[4]  Casanave, C. P., & Hubbard, P. (1992). The Writing Assignments and Writing Problems of Doctoral Students: Faculty Perceptions, Pedagogical Issues, and Needed Research. English for Specific Purposes, 11(1), 33-49.
 
[5]  Jenkins, S., Jordan, M. K., & Weiland, P. O. (1993). The Role of Writing in Graduate Engineering Education: A Survey of Faculty Beliefs and Practices. English for Specific Purposes, 12(1), 51-67.
 
[6]  Gosden, H. (1996). Verbal Reports of Japanese Novices' Research Writing Practices in English. Journal of Second Language Writing, 5(2), 109-128.
 
[7]  Riazi, A. (1997). Acquiring Disciplinary Literacy: A Social-Cognitive Analysis of Text Production and Learning among Iranian Graduate Students of Education. Journal of Second Language Writing, 6(2), 105-137.
 
[8]  Braine, G. (2005). The Challenge of Academic Publishing: A Hong Kong Perspective. TESOL Quarterly, 39(4), 707-716.
 
[9]  Li, Y. (2006). A Doctoral Student of Physics Writing for Publication: A Sociopolitically-Oriented Case Study. English for Specific Purposes, 25(4), 456-478.
 
[10]  Salager-Meyer, F. (2008). Scientific Publishing in Developing Countries: Challenges for the Future. Journal of English for academic purposes, 7(2), 121-132.
 
[11]  Duszak, A., & Lewkowicz, J. (2008). Publishing Academic Texts in English: A Polish Perspective. Journal of English for academic purposes, 7(2), 108-120.
 
[12]  Cho, D. W. (2009). Science Journal Paper Writing in an Efl Context: The Case of Korea. English for Specific Purposes, 28(4), 230-239.
 
[13]  Huang, J. C. (2010). Publishing and Learning Writing for Publication in English: Perspectives of Nnes Phd Students in Science. Journal of English for academic purposes, 9(1), 33-44.
 
[14]  Pérez-Llantada, C., Plo, R., & Ferguson, G. R. (2011). “You Don’t Say What You Know, Only What You Can”: The Perceptions and Practices of Senior Spanish Academics Regarding Research Dissemination in English. English for Specific Purposes, 30(1), 18-30.
 
[15]  Green, S. (2013). Novice Esl Writers: A Longitudinal Case-Study of the Situated Academic Writing Processes of Three Undergraduates in a Tesol Context. Journal of English for academic purposes, 12(3), 180-191.
 
[16]  Ferguson, G. (2007). The Global Spread of English, Scientific Communication and Esp: Questions of Equity, Access and Domain Loss. Ibérica(13).
 
[17]  Belcher, D. D. (2007). Seeking Acceptance in an English-Only Research World. Journal of Second Language Writing, 16(1), 1-22.
 
[18]  Flowerdew, J. (2008). Scholarly Writers Who Use English as an Additional Language: What Can Goffman's “Stigma” Tell Us? Journal of English for academic purposes, 7(2), 77-86.
 
[19]  Pineteh, E. A. (2013). The Academic Writing Challenges of Undergraduate Students: A South African Case Study. International Journal of Higher Education, 3(1), 12.
 
[20]  Miller, Robert L. (2006). Review: Lyn Richards (2005). Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide [21 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 7(2), Art. 24, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602244.
 
[21]  Kobayashi, H., & Rinnert, C. (1992). Effects of First Language on Second Language Writing: Translation Versus Direct Composition. Language learning, 42(2), 183-209.
 
[22]  John, M. J. S. (1987). Writing Processes of Spanish Scientists Publishing in English. English for Specific Purposes, 6(2), 113-120.
 
[23]  Campbell, C. (1990). Writing with others’ words: Using background reading texts in academic compositions. In B. Kroll (Ed.), Second language writing: Research insightsfor the classroom (pp. 21 I-230). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
[24]  Shaw, P. (1991). Science Research Students' Composing Processes. English for Specific Purposes, 10(3), 189-206.
 
[25]  Jafari, S. & Kafipour, R. (2013). An investigation of vocabulary learning strategies by Iranian EFL students in different proficiency level, International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 2(6), 23-27.
 
[26]  Yazdi, M. & Kafipour, R. (2014). Exploring tactics applied by Iranian EFL learners with high and low vocabulary knowledge in learning vocabulary. European Journal of Social Sciences, 41(3), 363-374.