American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(6), 822-827
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-6-35
Open AccessResearch Article

Scientific Basis to Build Criteria for High School Students’ Kindness in Vietnam

Truong Thi Bich1, , Dao Thi Oanh1, Pham Thi Thu Huong2 and Nguyen Thi The Binh3

1Institute for Pedagogical Research, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

2Faculty of Philology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

3Faculty of History, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

Pub. Date: June 11, 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Educational Research in Vietnam: From Fundamentals to Application)

Cite this paper:
Truong Thi Bich, Dao Thi Oanh, Pham Thi Thu Huong and Nguyen Thi The Binh. Scientific Basis to Build Criteria for High School Students’ Kindness in Vietnam. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(6):822-827. doi: 10.12691/education-6-6-35


Kindness is a core value playing as a foundation for the educating of human’s other moral qualities. Vietnam’s general education program continues its focus on developing traditional values and national ethics, human’s cultural elite to meet the basic and modern requirements in a suitable way for students’ ages and psychology. Therefore, “kindness” is necessary to be formed and developed in Vietnamese students. Plus, the research on building kindness criteria framework to serve practical education and the evaluation of educating kindness is very important. Based on the results of theoretical and practical researches on kindness, expression of kindness in relationships between people, the article proposes a criteria framework for Vietnamese high school students’ kindness nowadays. The framework includes five groups of characteristic: “Loving and sharing”; "Sympathy and mercy"; "Tolerance and forgiveness"; “Solidarity and having responsibility”; “gratefulness and respect” with 25 equivalent behaviors. That will be a basis for the education and self-education, evaluation and self-evaluation of results of educating kindness for high school students to meet the current social context.

kindness criteria high school students kindness criteria educating kindness in schools

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Pham Tat Dong (2014), Theoretical and practical issues of reforming basically and comprehensively the educational system following the Resolution of the Central Committee of the Party, 11th term. Vietnam Educational Publisher, Hanoi.
[2]  Nguyen Thi Kim Dung (1999), Some measures to build friendly relationships between students in one class of secondary schools. Vietnam Journal for Educational Studies, No. 12, p. 3-4.
[3]  Pham Minh Hac (2015), Studying Vietnamese national values with Psychology and Educational Studies. National Political Publishing House. Hanoi.
[4]  Ho Chi Minh (2016), Revolutionary capacity and morality. Changing working styles. Tre Publishing House, Ho Chi Minh City.
[5]  Nguyen Thi Tho (2012), Some basic issues and solutions for students today. Scientific Conference Book «Moral education for university and college students in Vietnam», Institute for Educational Studies – Ho Chi Minh City National University.
[6]  Mencius (2011), Books of Mencius and Cao Tu, Four Books, Culture and Information Publishing House (translated by Quoc Trung).
[7]  Nguyen Thi Kim Dung (2000), Effects of friendship on the forming and developing human qualities of students. Vietnam Journal for Educational Information, No. 79, p.58-59.
[8]  Dao Thi Oanh, Le Quang Hung (2017), Expression of Industrial culture in high school students today. Vietnam Journal of Psychology, April 2017, p. 31-43.
[9]  Deanna M. Kaplan, Madeleine de Blois, Violeta Dominguez, Michele E. Walsh (2016), Studying the teaching of kindness education programs in schools, Evaluation and Program Planning, Volume 58, October 2016, Pages 160-170 (online).
[10]  Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training (2017), General education programme (passed through by the Steering Committee for reforming general education textbooks on 27 July 7 2017).
[11]  Hoang Phe (Chief Editor) (2003). Vietnamese Dictionary. Da Nang Publisher.
[12]  Pham Minh Hac (2010), Studies of value. Theoretical basis for forming and building common values of Vietnamese today. Vietnam Educational Publishing House. Hanoi.
[13]  Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training, Regulations for secondary schools, high schools, and multiple-level schools. Issued along with Decision No. 12/2011/TT-BGDĐT, dated 28/3/2011.
[14]  Vu Thi Ngoc Tu (2018), Expression of some living values in social relationships of high school students, HNUE Journal of Science, Hanoi National University of Education, 63(2A), p. 198-205.
[15]  Golovin X. I. (2001), Practical Psychologist Dictionary. Kharvest Publisher, Minsk (Russian version).
[16]  Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training, Regulations for evaluating and raking secondary and high school students. Issued along with Circular No. 58/2011/TT-BGDĐT dated 12/12/2011 by the Ministry of Education and Training.