American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(6), 811-815
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-6-33
Open AccessResearch Article

Application of Debating Method in teaching Vietnam’s Historical Figures (10th Century – 19th Century) at High School in Order to Develop Students’ Critical Thinking

Nguyen Van Ninh1,

1Faculty of History, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

Pub. Date: June 07, 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Educational Research in Vietnam: From Fundamentals to Application)

Cite this paper:
Nguyen Van Ninh. Application of Debating Method in teaching Vietnam’s Historical Figures (10th Century – 19th Century) at High School in Order to Develop Students’ Critical Thinking. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(6):811-815. doi: 10.12691/education-6-6-33


Discussion is the method with advantage in promoting the interaction between teachers and pupils, between pupils and pupils and between pupils and contents of knowledge. Organizing discussions for pupils will help them aware more comprehensively and profoundly of a historical character or a historical event. The use of discussion method in teaching about historical characters at schools also contributes to development of critic thought for pupils - an important skill determining whether learners succeed or not. Teachers may organize discussions for pupils about historical characters under 3 forms: group discussion, individual discussion and discussion between teacher and pupils. Each form has its own advantages requiring teachers’ thorough grasp of technique to apply efficiently.

discussion method critic thought historical character

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Nguyen Van Tu, 2009, “Promoting activities of counter-argument of part-time university students in delivering Vietnamese language syllabus”, Vietnam Journal of Education No. 219.
[2]  Bui The Hung, 2013, “Promoting the ability of counter-argument of high school students in delivering literature”, Vietnam Journal of Education No. 303.
[3]  Nguyen Gia Cau, 2013, “Improving and developing the critical thinking for students during the teaching process”, Vietnam Journal of Education No. 311.
[4]  Pham Thi Xuyen, 2004 “Training the self-learning capacity for students in study hours of literature and history using argument”, Vietnam Journal of Education No. 102, page 27.
[5]  Nguyen Thanh Hai, Phung Thuy Phuong, Dong Thi Bich Thuy, “Introduction to some innovative teaching methods to help students learn actively and get experience and achieve CDIO output standard”, At the CDIO Conference of Ho Chi Minh City National University in 2010, page 5.
[6]  Nguyen Gia Cau, 2013, Improving and Developing the Critical Thinking for Students during the teaching process, Journal of Education No.311, page 28.
[7]  Nguyen Hoang Ha, 2010, Training students’critical capacity in teaching modules of specialized methods of preschool pedagogy, Journal of Education No. 249, page 19.
[8]  Phan Ngoc Lien, Nguyen Van Am, 2000, Dictionary of terminology of Universal History, National University Publishing House, Hanoi, page 266.
[9]  John Dewey (Translated by Pham Tuan Anh), 2008, Democracy and Education, Knowledge Publishing House.
[10]  Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, 1998, Complete Annals of Dai Viet (Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư), Volume I, Social science publishing house, Hanoi.