American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(5), 403-409
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-5-6
Open AccessResearch Article

An Application of a Three-phase Reading Comprehension Instructional Model in Teaching Language Arts at Vietnamese High Schools

Pham Thi Thu Huong1,

1Department of Philology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

Pub. Date: April 19, 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Educational Research in Vietnam: From Fundamentals to Application)

Cite this paper:
Pham Thi Thu Huong. An Application of a Three-phase Reading Comprehension Instructional Model in Teaching Language Arts at Vietnamese High Schools. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(5):403-409. doi: 10.12691/education-6-5-6

Abstract

The article focuses on investigating the three-phase reading comprehension instructional model (pre-reading, while-reading and post-reading), based on which it will identify how to apply this model to teach reading comprehension in Vietnamese high schools. Before reading, readers need to activate their prior knowledge and experience, determine reading goals and strategies, and build background knowledge. During reading, readers make sense of the text by taking different actions to achieve both decoding and understanding the text simultaneously. Post-reading phase comprises recalling something done before, analyzing text elements in depth, connecting for expanding the topic, and applying what has been learnt in daily life. The three-phase reading comprehension instructional model has been researched and applied successfully to instruct reading. However, in Vietnam, reading comprehension instruction does not really pay attention to guiding students to actively read texts as highlighted in this model. Practicing the three-phase reading comprehension instructional model in Language Arts subject at Vietnamese high schools means, in fact, to guide students to use strategies effectively in line with each phase of reading comprehension process.

Keywords:
reading reading comprehension reading instructional model pre-reading while-reading and post-reading

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