American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(4), 361-364
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-4-10
Open AccessArticle

Social Isolation in Relation to Internet Usage and Stream of Study of Under Graduate Students

Sourav Chandra Gorain1, Agamanai Mondal1, Karim Ansary1 and Birbal Saha1,

1Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, Purulia, WB

Pub. Date: April 17, 2018

Cite this paper:
Sourav Chandra Gorain, Agamanai Mondal, Karim Ansary and Birbal Saha. Social Isolation in Relation to Internet Usage and Stream of Study of Under Graduate Students. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(4):361-364. doi: 10.12691/education-6-4-10


Internet has undeniable role in people’s life and misuse of it may cause several problems. The present study has investigated the effect of internet usage on social isolation of under graduate students. Stratified random sampling techniques were used. 257 under graduate students studying at different college affiliated to Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, Purulia, W.B., India were selected as sample. Social isolation questionnaire and internet usage scale were used to gather data from the samples. The data thus collected were analyzed using SPSS software (Version 17). The results indicate that high internet user are more socially isolated than that of average and low internet user whereas no significant difference exist on internet usage between humanities and science under graduate students. Pearson co-efficient of correlation between internet usage and social isolation is found to 0.326 indicating a positive relationship between the variables.

social isolation internet usage humanities science students

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Heikkinen, R., and Kauppinen, M. (2004). Depressive Symptoms in Late Life: A 10-year Follow-up, Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 38, pp. 239-250.
[2]  Steptoe, A., Owen, N., Kunz-Ebrecht, S.R. and Brydon, L. (2004). Loneliness and Neuroendocrine, Cardiovascular and Inflammatory Stress Responses in Middle-aged Men and Women, Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29, pp. 593-611.
[3]  Cardak, M. (2013). Psychological Well-being and Internet Addiction among University Students, The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 3(12), pp. 134-141.
[4]  Wilson, R.S., Krueger, K.R., Arnold, S.E., Schneider, J.A., Kelly, J.F., Barnes, L.L., Tang, Y., and Bennett, D.A. (2007). Loneliness and Risk of Alzheimer Disease, Archives of General Psychiatry, 64, pp. 234-240.
[5]  Chou, C. and Peng, H. (2007). Net-friends: Adolescents’ Attitudes and Experiences vs. Teachers’ Concerns, Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 2394-2413.
[6]  Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G. and Orr, R. (2009). Personality and Motivations Associated with Facebook Use, Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 578-586.
[7]  Sepehrian, F. and Lotf, J. J. (2011). The Rate of Prevalence in the Internet Addiction and Its Relationship with Anxiety and Students’ Field of Study, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(10), pp. 1202-1206.
[8]  Nie, N.H. (2001). Sociability, Interpersonal Relations and the Internet: Reconciling Conflicting Findings, American Behavioral Science, 45, pp. 420-35.
[9]  Nie, N.H., and Erbring, L. (2000). Internet and Society: A Preliminary Report. Stanford Inst. Quant. Study Soc., Stanford, CA.
[10]  Ebeling-Witte, S., Frank, M. L., and Lester, D. (2007). Shyness, Internet use and personality. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 10, pp. 713-716.
[11]  Leung, L. (2007). Stressful Life Events, Motives for Internet Use, and Social Support among Digital Kids, Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 10(2), pp. 204-214.
[12]  Forest, A.L. and Wood, J.V. (2012). When Social networking is not working: individuals with low esteem recognize but do not reap the benefits of self disclosure on face book, Psychological Science, 23(3), pp. 295-302.
[13]  Wilson, R.E., Gosling, S.D. and Graham, L.T. (2012). A Review of Facebook Research in the Social Science, Perspective Psychological Science, 7(3), pp. 203-20.
[14]  Sanders, C., Field, T. F., Diego, M. and Kaplan, M. (2000). The Relationship of Internet Use to Depression and Social Isolation among Adolescents, Adolescence, 35 (138), pp 237-242.
[15]  Bhagat, G. and Sehgal, M. (2011). The Relationship of Parental Bonding and Internet Addiction, Indian Journal of Psychological Science, 2(2), pp. 29-37.
[16]  Seif, G.M., Hoseini, H.M., and Sharifi, A.R. (2014). The Relationship between Internet Addiction and Social Support and Hopefulness, World Scientific News, 5, pp. 1-11.
[17]  Izanloo, M., and Goudarzi, C. (2011). The Relationship between Internet Addiction and Social Isolation and Quality of Social Interaction, First Congress of Social Psychology, 1 & 2, pp. 37-40.
[18]  Tiwari, P. and Ruhela, S. (2012). Social Isolation and Depression among Adolescent: A Comparative Perspective, Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, Singapore.
[19]  Malviya, A., Dixit, S., Shukla, H., Mishra, A., Jain, A. and Tripathi, A. (2014). A Study to Evaluate Internet Addiction Disorder among Students of a Medical College and Associated Hospital of Central India, National Journal of Community Medicine, 5, pp. 93-95.
[20]  Goel, D., Subramanyam A. and Kamath, R. (2013). A Study on the Prevalence of Internet Addiction and Its Association with Psychopathology in Indian adolescents, Indian journal of Psychology, 2(55), 140-143.
[21]  Akhtar, N. (2013). Relationship between Internet Addiction and Academic Performance among University Undergraduates, Educational Research and Reviews, 8(19), 1793-1796.
[22]  Taylor, S.E., Repetti, R.L.and Seeman, T.E. (1979). Health psychology: What is an unhealthy environment and how does it get under the skin? Annual Review of Psychology, 48 (411-447).
[23]  Thoits, P. (1995). Stress, Coping and Social Support Processes: Where are We? What Next? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35, pp. 53-79.
[24]  Cohen, S., Doyle, W.J., Skoner, D.P., Rabin, B.S.and Gwaltney, J.M. (1997). Jr. Social Ties and Susceptibility to the Common Cold, Journal of the American Medical Association, 277, pp. 1940-1944.
[25]  Pressman, S.D., Cohen, S., Miller, G.E., Barkin, A., Rabin, B.S. and Treanor, J.J. (2005). Loneliness, Social Network Size, and Immune Response to Influenza Accination in College Freshmen, Health Psychology, 24, pp. 297–306.
[26]  L.C., Burleson, M.H., Berntson, G.G. and Cacioppo, J.T. (2003). Loneliness in Everyday Life: Cardiovascular Activity, Psychosocial Context and Health Behaviors, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, pp.105-120.
[27]  Askarizadeh, G., Amiri, A. and Karamoozian, M. (2015). The Relationship between Personality Traits and Social Acceptance Level and Internet Addiction, Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 4 (11), pp. 1129-1132.
[28]  Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests, Psychometrika, 16, pp. 297-334.
[29]  DeVellis, R.F. (2003). Scale Development: Theory and Applications, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
[30]  Nunnally, J.C. (1978). Psychometric Theory, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1978.
[31]  Mahanti, J., Mondal B.C. and Saha, B. (2016). Internet Dependency of Undergraduate Students: An Empirical Study, American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, 15(2), pp. 171-174.
[32]  Nalwa, K. and Anand, A. (2003). Internet Addiction in Students: A Cause of Concern, Cyber Psychology and Behavior, 6 (6).
[33]  Atoum, A.U, and Al- Hattab, L.H (2015). Internet Addiction and its Relation to Psychosocial Adaptation among Jordanian High Basic Stage Students, Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Science, 3(1), pp. 96-104.
[34]  Prabhu, P.S. (2016). Internet addiction among Arts and Science College Students, IOSR Journal Humanities and Social Science, 21(9), pp. 76-81.
[35]  Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukopadhyay, T. and Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet Paradox : A Social technology That reduces social involvement and psychological well being, American Psychologst, 53(9), pp. 1017-1031.