American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(4), 344-348
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-4-7
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Educational Activity in Improving Knowledge Related to Infection Control among Recently Graduated Medical Students

Shaima N Elgenaid1, , Mohammed Nimir1, Sara Shamat1, Yusra A Mohamed Zein2, Doaa Eltayeb Soliman Fadlalla1, Mohamed Nasr Elsheikh3, Waleed Khalid Khalafallah Khalid1, Abduraheem Farah Abduraheem Farah1 and Ihab B Abdalrahman4

1Departmnet of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

4Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Consultant of Acute Care Medicine, Soba University hospital

Pub. Date: April 13, 2018

Cite this paper:
Shaima N Elgenaid, Mohammed Nimir, Sara Shamat, Yusra A Mohamed Zein, Doaa Eltayeb Soliman Fadlalla, Mohamed Nasr Elsheikh, Waleed Khalid Khalafallah Khalid, Abduraheem Farah Abduraheem Farah and Ihab B Abdalrahman. Effect of Educational Activity in Improving Knowledge Related to Infection Control among Recently Graduated Medical Students. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(4):344-348. doi: 10.12691/education-6-4-7

Abstract

A significant number of patients acquired health care associated infections worldwide, and this has devastating effect on both the patient and the health system. Although they disseminated easily between patients through health-care workers contaminated hands, they are preventable infections. Hand hygiene including hand washing and alcohol based hand rub is the most effective method of prevention. We aimed, in this study, to evaluate the effect of educational activity in improving participants' knowledge about infection control. Ninety seven recent medical graduates with a mean age of 23.8 years attended workshop that included both lectures and practical sessions regarding various aspects of infection control. Hand hygiene was practiced in one station according to WHO guidelines, and was emphasized in all stations as a fundamental pre-requisite. WHO’s “Hand Hygiene Knowledge Questionnaire” was used to assess the knowledge both before and after the educational session. Data was analyzed using SPSS statistics version 22, and McNemar test was used to compare participant's knowledge pre and post session. The majority (61.9%) of them did not receive formal training in hand hygiene. The knowledge about hand hygiene improved considerably after the workshop, this is reflected by a significant p value (< 0.05) in 12 out of 24 knowledge related items tested (50%). Adding more clinical scenarios to stress on the practice of infection control measures contributed well to the effectiveness of the workshop in improving the knowledge. In conclusion, conduction of educational sessions that include simulated activity can be very useful to bridge the knowledge gap, as well as carrying out continuous feedback and analysis of outcome to improve the quality of educational activity.

Keywords:
educational activity hand hygiene infection control knowledge medical graduate.

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