American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(3), 188-195
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-3-5
Open AccessArticle

Determining the Appropriate Blend of Blended Learning: A Formative Research in the Context of Spada-Indonesia

Uwes Anis Chaeruman1, , Basuki Wibawa1 and Zulfiati Syahrial1

1Department of Educational Technology, Post-graduate Program, State University of Jakarta, Kompleks UNJ, Jakarta Timur

Pub. Date: March 13, 2018

Cite this paper:
Uwes Anis Chaeruman, Basuki Wibawa and Zulfiati Syahrial. Determining the Appropriate Blend of Blended Learning: A Formative Research in the Context of Spada-Indonesia. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(3):188-195. doi: 10.12691/education-6-3-5


Deciding appropriate blend for certain learning outcomes is very crucial in designing an effective blended learning. Blended learning is not just simply combining face-to-face learning with online learning. The challenge is to determine the most appropriate blended learning strategies to achieve a series of desired learning outcomes. Blended learning designers utilize a model of criteria as a guideline to answer to this challenge. This research was aimed to develop a proposed model of criteria for determining the appropriate blended learning strategy. Hence, the research questions become: 1) Is the model created fitting a conceptual framework? and 2) Is the model created effective and implementable? Consequently, formative evaluation techniques were employed to answer these research questions, i.e. experts review, one-on-one evaluation, and field test. These methods were used to collect descriptive and formative data. This study was followed by 7 instructional designers and e-learning experts as well as 235 lecturers as respondents. Upon completing a series of formative evaluations, result of this study showed that the model created is conceptually fitting, effective and implementable as a lecturer’s guide in determining the appropriate blended learning strategy.

asynchronous learning blended learning e-learning instructional design model synchronous learning

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