American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(1), 76-82
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-1-12
Open AccessArticle

Effectiveness of 3E, 5E and Conventional Approaches of Teaching on Students’ Achievement in High School Biology

Comfort Korkor Sam1, Kofi Acheaw Owusu2, and Christian Anthony-Krueger2

1Tamale Girls’ Senior High School, Tamale, Ghana

2Department of Science Education, University of Cape Coast

Pub. Date: January 29, 2018

Cite this paper:
Comfort Korkor Sam, Kofi Acheaw Owusu and Christian Anthony-Krueger. Effectiveness of 3E, 5E and Conventional Approaches of Teaching on Students’ Achievement in High School Biology. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(1):76-82. doi: 10.12691/education-6-1-12


The study sought to identify the effectiveness of 3E, 5E learning cycle and the conventional approaches in teaching a Biology lesson. The mixed method approach was used for this study. Three science classes in three Senior High Schools were randomly selected. For the quantitative aspect, a pre-test-post-test non-equivalent quasi-experimental design with two experimental groups was used. The qualitative part constituted an interview to find out students’ views with regards to the 3E and 5E teaching approaches. The students in the experimental groups were instructed through 3E and 5E learning cycle whilst those in the control group were instructed on the same concept through conventional approach. ANCOVA and independent t-test were used to analyse the data. The results of the study showed that the experimental groups performed better on the post-test as compared to the control group. The results also revealed that the learning cycle approach was more effective in teaching the biology concepts than the conventional approach. The 3E learning cycle was found to be more effective for improving the performance of low achievers. The students exposed to the 3E and 5E approaches showed positive attitudes towards learning cycle when they were interviewed. Teachers should be encouraged to learn and use the learning cycle approach in the teaching and learning process of Biology concepts.

learning cycle conventional approach 3E approach 5E approach cell division

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