American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(12), 1218-1222
DOI: 10.12691/education-5-12-8
Open AccessArticle

The Importance of Certification of Prior Learning. Practices at European and Non-global Level with Examples of Best Practices

Lemonia Boutskou1, and Miltiadis Staboulis1

1Department of Educational and Sosial Policy, University of Macedonia, Macedonia

Pub. Date: December 23, 2017

Cite this paper:
Lemonia Boutskou and Miltiadis Staboulis. The Importance of Certification of Prior Learning. Practices at European and Non-global Level with Examples of Best Practices. American Journal of Educational Research. 2017; 5(12):1218-1222. doi: 10.12691/education-5-12-8


The certification of prior learning is an important tool for all countries, contributing to the wider development of the whole and of each state equally. The impact of good practices in certification is observed both in the society, the economy and, of course, education and vocational rehabilitation, even in international relations. For those reasons the EU and other countries prioritize it. Certification of prior learning is also related to the evaluation of learning and the acquisition of qualifications and training. Best practices from different countries can be used as indicative tools to promote new techniques and methods.

prior learning certification ECTS vocational rehabilitation

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Birenbaum, M., & Dochy, F. (Eds.). (2012). Alternatives in the assessment of achievements, learning processes and prior learning (Vol. 42). Springer Science & Business Media.
[2]  Dochy, F., Segers, M., & Buehl, MM (1999). The relation between assessment practices and outcomes of studies: The case of research on prior learning. Review of educational Research, 69 (2), 145-186.
[3]  Herppich, S., Wittwer, J., Nuckles, M., & Renkl, A. (2014). Addressing knowledge deficits in tutoring and the role of teaching experience: Benefits for learning and summative assessment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106 (4).
[4]  Rumford, C. (2000). European Cohesion: Contradictions in Eu Integration. Springer.
[5]  Moussis. N. (2017). European Union: Law, Economics, Policies. Athens: Papazisi. Europedia Moussis EU.
[6]  Suskie, L. (2004). Assessing student learning: A common sense guide (2nd edition). San Francisco : Jossey - Bass .
[7]  UNESCO, (2015). Yang, J. Recognition, Validation and Accreditation of Non-formal and informal learning in the UNESCO member states,
[8]  Fotopoulos, N., Zachos, Ch. (2014). Labor Institute of GSEE (INGSEE), Lifelong Learning Qualifications Certification and Quality Assurance, Finance Observatory and Social Developments, Design, 45. (in greek) 45.pdf .
[9]  AQF. (2013). Australian Qualifications Framework, available in
[10]  APIC - Asia Pacific International College. (2017). Credit Arrangements and Recognition of Prior Learning Policy, Version 1.6. available in
[11]  HMC. (2017). British Education System The,
[12]  Exeter University, Academic Policy Standards, Manual,
[13]  National-Kenniscentrum, Recognition of Prior Learning in the Netherlands,
[14]  Collins-Klein, R. & Werheim, JB for CAEL, Linking Learning and Work. (2013). The Growing Importance of Prior Learning Assessment in the Degree-Completion Tool.
[15]  Angelo, T., Cross, P. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publications
[16]  Mellon University Carnegie, (2017) webpage, How to assess students' prior learning, accessed 12.09.2017
[17]  NOC, National Exam Agency. (2015). European testing systems. Maroussi: Scientific Support NOC, (in greek) available in accessed 09.09.2017
[18]  Europa. (2017a). Official website European Union, European Union, Lifelong Learning,
[19]  Europa. (2017b). Official website of the European Union, the Bologna Process,
[20]  Europa. (2017c). Official website of the European Union, ECTS .
[21]  Johnson, L. (2015). How to assess students' prior learning. Prezi. accessed 10.09.2017.