American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(2), 234-240
DOI: 10.12691/education-5-2-21
Open AccessArticle

Ecological Nationalism

Lejla Mušić1,

1Department of Sociology, Faculty of Political Sciences, Skenderija 72, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Pub. Date: February 27, 2017

Cite this paper:
Lejla Mušić. Ecological Nationalism. American Journal of Educational Research. 2017; 5(2):234-240. doi: 10.12691/education-5-2-21


The debate over the changes in climate system and greenhouse effect has reached its top during the transition from modern to postmodern age. The authors/ess argued that the ecological problems are more important than the national problems. Therefore the regionalization and formation of Unions formed in order to achieve better quality of life are necessary. Why should we accept the ecological nationalism idea? K. Sivaramakrishnan founded that ecological nationality represents the idea that is hard to be defined and his definition involves personal insight such as intersection of cosmopolitanism and nativism in devotion towards the nature. Barbara Adam, eminent sociologist developed the concept of global time, as time that involves web of people living in contemporary are to which the same ideas, news and inventions are transmitted at the same time. Globally, we can say that global time involves the society of contemporaries who share the same idea of the most important societal changes and inventions. Changes of climate are problems that had raised interest in all fields of human knowledge, biology, physics, sociology, philosophy, law, chemistry, politics etc. Environmentalist nationalism represents superior form of nationalism that is based on bioregionalism and together with an idea of cosmopolitan democracy, offers an alternative perspective for global future societies.

ecological nationalism ecofeminist transnational international cosmopolitan democracy

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Adam, B, , and Van Loon J., The Risk Society and beyond: critical issues for social theories, [Online]. Available: on, 2000.
[2]  Adam, B., Re-vision: The Centrality of time for an Ecological Social Sciences Perspective, Chapter 4 in Scott, Lash, Szarsynski B., Wyann B., Risk, Environment, and Modernity, Sage, London, 1998, pp. 86.
[3]  Fair Globalization’seating opportunity for all. The World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization., ILO Publication, April, 2004.
[4]  Bek, U., Risk society/Rizično društvo, Filip Višnjić, Zagreb, 2001.
[5]  Davis, N. Y., Gender and nation/Rod i nacija, Ženska infoteka, Zagreb, 2004.
[6]  Dunlop, R.., “A new ecological paradigm for sociology, in Giddens, Anthony and Sutton, Robert, Sociology, Polity Press, Cambridge, 2010.
[7]  Eisler, R., “The Gaia Tradition and Partnership Future. an Ecofeminist Manifesto”, in Diamond, Irene and Ornstein, Gloria, Reweaving the World, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1987.
[8]  Galić, B., Science and social changes, Environment and development, Zagreb, 2000.
[9]  Giddens, A., Sutton W.Ph., Sociology: introductionary readings, third edition. Polity Press, Cambridge, 2010.
[10]  Malory, Ch., What Is Ecofeminist Political Philosophy? Gender, Nature, and the Political, Sixth Annual Joint Meeting of the International Society for Environmental Ethics, Allenspark, Colorado, 2008.
[11]  Plumwood, V., Nature, Self, and Gender: Feminism. In Environmental Philosophy and the Critique of Rationalism, in Hypatia, VI.No 1, pp.3-27, Spring 1991.
[12]  Plumwood, V., Feminism and the Mastery of Nature, Routledge, London, 1993.
[13]  Salleh, A., Ecofeminism as Sociology. Conference of the International Sociological Association Research Committee on Envioronment and Society (RC24), Cambridge University, July 5-7, 2001.
[14]  Salleh, A., The Ecofeminism/Deep Ecology Debate: a Reply to Patriarchal Reason, Vol.14., 1995.
[15]  Shipley, P., “Rational Female in Feminist Debate”: Paper presented at Atelier for Philosophy, Social Sciences and Psychoanalyses, London, Jun 2000
[16]  Shiva, V., Monocultures, Monopolies, Myths And The Masculinisation Of Agriculture. At The Workshop on Women's Knowledge, Biotechnology and International Trade Fostering a New Dialogue into the Millennium during the international conference on Women in Agriculture Washington D.C., June 28 - July 2, 1998.
[17]  Skinner, E., Gender and Climate changes. IDS, Bridge, 2011.
[18]  Spivak, Ch.G., Critic of postcolonial mind/Kritika postkolonijalnog uma, Circulus Globus, Belgrade/Beograd, in Moranjak, Bamburać, Nirman). Gender, ideology and culture /Rod, ideologija i kultura, CIPS, Sarajevo, 2006.
[19]  Šeta et all., I moje mjesto je tu, istraživanje o poziciji i ulozi žena u tradicionalnim crkvama i vjerskim zajednicama u BiH, Nahla, Sarajevo, 2013.
[20]  Warren, K., Ecological Feminist Philosophies. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1996.
[21]  Global risks report, World Economic Forum, Wharton Risk Centre, Pennsylvania State University. [Online]. Available:, [Accessed 20.06.2014].
[22]  Gunnel Cederlof and K. Sivaramakrishnan Ecological nationalisms: Nature, Livelihoods, and Identities in South Asia [Accessed 20.06.2015]
[23]  Photos [Online]. Available: www.,,,,