American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(2), 189-195
DOI: 10.12691/education-5-2-13
Open AccessArticle

Developing and Evaluating Elementary-Level Teaching Materials “Magnetic Top”: An Analysis of Questionnaire Using Text Mining

Takekuni Yamaoka1, , Kimihito Takeno2, Shinichi Okino3 and Shinji Matsumoto4

1Kitauwa High School, Japan

2Shiga University, Japan

3Kanazawa Nishikioka High School, Japan

4Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Japan

Pub. Date: February 23, 2017

Cite this paper:
Takekuni Yamaoka, Kimihito Takeno, Shinichi Okino and Shinji Matsumoto. Developing and Evaluating Elementary-Level Teaching Materials “Magnetic Top”: An Analysis of Questionnaire Using Text Mining. American Journal of Educational Research. 2017; 5(2):189-195. doi: 10.12691/education-5-2-13


The purpose of this study was to create and evaluate an educational magnetic top. The experiment was conducted with elementary school children at the Youngsters’ Science Festival in Matsuyama, Japan. In order to evaluate the study, an open-ended questionnaire was created. Upon receiving permission from parents, 139 elementary school children were surveyed, which included 56 students from the lower grades, 54 students from the middle grades, and 29 students from the upper grades. The survey was analyzed using the text mining technique. As a result, three important results were gathered: 1) it became clear that most students in the middle grades stop feeling like they were bad at the screw tightening; and 2) Most students in the upper grades that had experience in motor learning, students tended to be able to adequately explain the principle of screw tightening; and 3) As long as students learn about the principles of motors, the teaching materials that are proposed in this study can be used to describe complex principles to students in all elementary school grade levels.

magnetic top text mining screw tightening scientific principles

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Yamaoka, T.. Science education to confirm the establishment of learning (1) - Case study of physical examination problem -, Proceedings of Shikoku Branch of Society Japan Science Teaching, No.22, 3-4, 2003.
[2]  Berlyne, D.E., trans. Structure and direction in thinking, second printing by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1966.
[3]  Novak, J.D., Mintzes, J.J., & Wandersee, J.H.. Teaching Science for Understanding: A Human Constructivist View, 272-273, Academic Press, 1998.
[4]  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.. Commentary to the course of study - Science version, 1-105, Dainippon Tosho Publishing Co., Ltd., 2008.
[5]  Yamaoka, T., Shirahama, H., Matsumoto, S.. Development and Evaluation of Teaching Materials for Elementary School Students Using LED - An Analysis of Questionnaires Using Text mining, Japan Association of Energy and Environmental Education, Vol.10, No.1, 3-9, 2016.
[6]  Executive committee of the Youngsters’ Science Festival was held in Ehime Prefecture, Japan.. Experimental commentary book of the Youngsters’ Science Festival was held in Ehime Prefecture, Japan, 1-57, Takara dou publication, 2015.
[7]  Fujikawa, S., Andoh, S.. Development and Practice of a Subject “Interior Lamp of Blue LED” to Cultivate Interest in and Positive Attitudes toward the Study of Energy Conversion, The Japan Society of Technology Education, Vol.53 No.2, 2011, 107-114, 2011.
[8]  Higuchi Koichi. Quantitative text analysis for social research - Toward the inheritance and development of content analysis-, 1-16, Nakanishiya publication, 2014.
[9]  Retrieved from