American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(14), 1008-1014
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-14-4
Open AccessArticle

The Scientific Practices on the Science’s Textbook in the Fifth Grade of Greek Primary School

Tsetsos Stavros1,

1Department of Education Sciences in Early Childhood, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Pub. Date: August 22, 2016

Cite this paper:
Tsetsos Stavros. The Scientific Practices on the Science’s Textbook in the Fifth Grade of Greek Primary School. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(14):1008-1014. doi: 10.12691/education-4-14-4


A plethora of studies related to science teaching and learning in the last two decades, has prompted the design and development of a new framework in order to improve the quality of scientific literacy for all students. The new framework incorporates the coexistence of three dimensions of learning: the scientific practices, the core ideas and the cross-cutting concepts. However, although the importance of the three dimensions of learning is paramount, the research that is focused on the analysis of the teaching material on the three dimensions is very limited. In this research, we focus on the dimension of scientific practices. The aim of this study was the analysis of the science textbook titled “Inquire and discover” (part of the teaching package) in the fifth grade of Greek Primary School on the scientific practices involved in its content. The term scientific practice does not coincide with the term practical skills because the participation in scientific research does not require only skills, but special knowledge and experience for every skill as well. The analysis was carried out by a grid that was structured by the scientific practices as conceptual categories. A part of the scientific practices of the new framework is not evident into the textbook content and important aspects of other scientific practices do not enter into units of analysis. The textbook is not satisfactorily aligned with the new framework of science learning and perhaps these findings negatively affect the scientific literacy of Greek students in Primary School.

new framework scientific practices subcategories of practices textbook analysis science literacy

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