American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(13), 937-942
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-13-4
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Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Sudanese Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study on Role of Quality of Life and Social Support

Mohamed Dafaalla1, , Abdulraheem Farah2, Shaima Bashir2, Ammar Khalil2, Rabab Abdulhamid2, Mousab Mokhtar2, Mohamed Mahadi2, Zulfa Omer2, Asgad Suliman2, Mohammed Elkhalifa2, Hanin Abdelgadir2, Abdelmoneim E.M. Kheir3 and Ihab Abdalrahman4

1Diploma of Statistics, Executive Manager of Soba Centre for Audit and Research, Soba university Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan

2Fellow of Soba Centre for Audit and Research (SCAR), Khartoum, Sudan

3Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum and Soba University Hospital

4Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum and Soba University Hospital Khartoum, Sudan

Pub. Date: August 10, 2016

Cite this paper:
Mohamed Dafaalla, Abdulraheem Farah, Shaima Bashir, Ammar Khalil, Rabab Abdulhamid, Mousab Mokhtar, Mohamed Mahadi, Zulfa Omer, Asgad Suliman, Mohammed Elkhalifa, Hanin Abdelgadir, Abdelmoneim E.M. Kheir and Ihab Abdalrahman. Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Sudanese Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study on Role of Quality of Life and Social Support. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(13):937-942. doi: 10.12691/education-4-13-4


We aimed to find out the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students in a developing country, and to find the possible role of social support and quality of life in developing depression, anxiety, and stress.We did a cross sectional study in medical students of faculty of medicine in Khartoum, Sudan. We did a clustered random sampling in students from the second to sixth year and collected 500 questionnaires of which 487 were suitable for analysis. The data collection tool composed of three questionnaires; MOS social support survey, Depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS21), and WHO quality of life brief (WHOQOLB) questionnaire. More than 50% of respondents had different grades of depression, anxiety, and stress where 21%, 22%, and 16% had moderate degree of depression, anxiety, and stress respectively. Quality of environment and physical health were the major determinant of depression, anxiety, and stress (R=0.252-0.465, P values <0.001). From the four domains of social support assessed by MOS survey, there was significant association only between positive social interaction domain and depression (R=0.354, P<0.001). There was no significant association between social support and stress and anxiety. There was no significant differences in depression scores among different academic years (P=0.246). However, stress and anxiety showed significant differences in different academic years, notably between the middle years, and second and final years (P=0.043 and 0.00 respectively). The quality of environment and physical health seems to play a key role in student mental health.

depression anxiety stress medical students social support quality of life developing country

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