American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(12), 854-860
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-12-1
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Teaching and Learning ESL Writing by Critical Thinking

Diana Po Lan SHAM1,

1Hong Kong Chinese Institute of Engineers Ltd. Honorary Lecturer, HKUSPACE & CUHK, SCS

Pub. Date: July 26, 2016

Cite this paper:
Diana Po Lan SHAM. Teaching and Learning ESL Writing by Critical Thinking. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(12):854-860. doi: 10.12691/education-4-12-1


In traditional ESL writing class, the English teacher/lecturer just gives the students a topic, a paragraph or a series of diagrams and then asks the class to write the essays individually. According to the revised Bloom’s taxonomy [1], there are six levels including Remember; Understand; Apply; Analyze; Evaluate; Create. When we apply the taxonomy in teaching ESL writing and create an innovative and interactive setting, we can lead the learners to go through all the critical thinking stages. As a result, they have widened their scope with more fun after brainstorming and better learning outcomes in writing. I have adopted this method in teaching the ESL undergraduates and adult learners in various universities in Hong Kong, and Zhuhai and found it very effective. In this paper, I am going to explain and analyze how the creative and interactive ESL writing classes are structured with an example and the students’ feedback.

Bloom’s Taxonomy critical thinking ESL writing brainstorming creative interactive effective

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