American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 798-805
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-4
Open AccessArticle

A Study on Academic Appraisal Program: An Innovation towards Quality Assurance in Undergraduate Medical Education

Sandeep Shrivastava1, , Tripti Shrivastava1, N. Samal1, D. Biswas1 and Ved Prakash Mishra1

1Department of Medical Education, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Wardha, Nagpur, India

Pub. Date: July 16, 2016

Cite this paper:
Sandeep Shrivastava, Tripti Shrivastava, N. Samal, D. Biswas and Ved Prakash Mishra. A Study on Academic Appraisal Program: An Innovation towards Quality Assurance in Undergraduate Medical Education. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(11):798-805. doi: 10.12691/education-4-11-4

Abstract

An efficient throughput process for an education environment is essential . Teaching learning is the key through-put process. For academic environment to be purposeful it has to be ensured that this remains relevant to the learner. The learning process involves critical steps, which should be safeguarded to ensure academic conduciveness. These can be the key objectives for any learning environment. If such objectives are benchmarked than they become standards .The best stakeholder to safe guard these standards would be the learner. Other stakeholders too participate and ensure the conduciveness through regular monitoring and reviews of the same. This is a quality management cycle. It is susceptible to failures, especially from the learner’s point of view, despite being guarded by other stakeholders. Despite this being so valuable there are not many quality assurance processes/programs which assures that such environment are preserved, sustained and enhanced, as perceived by learner, particularly in medical education. The Academic Appraisal Program is developed and implemented to assure that learning process has gone well. It unfolds in a standardised manner with active involvement of all. The learning objectives laid/set are met efficiently and effectively, maintaining core learning elements relevant to learner. It is a quality assurance activity, empowering learners to control the learning environment towards effective dispensations as meant & perceived by them. It has been able to identify key quality initiatives as quality preserved, sustained and enhanced for Teaching-Learning.

Keywords:
quality assurance academic appraisal program teaching learning process undergraduate medical education

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  M Best and D Neuhauseri: W Edwards Deming: father of quality management, patient and composer Health Care. 2005 Aug; 14 (4): 310-312.
 
[2]  Weiner N,The human use of human being in cybernetics and society, Roston, Houghton Miffin Co. 1950 -71
 
[3]  Thompson JL, Thompson AM, McCain FE Jr Effects of optional laboratory and lecture attendance in a medical physiology courseJ Med Educ. 1974 Oct;49(10): 963-72.
 
[4]  Eichna L W : Medical -school education 1975-79, A students perspective, N.Engl J Med. 1980; 303; 727-734.
 
[5]  Jack Ende Feed back in clinical Medical Education, JAMA 1983 250, 777-781.
 
[6]  L W : Medical -school education 1975-79, A students perspective, N.Engl J Med. 1980; 303; 727-734.
 
[7]  Glanz K, Fiel SB Effect of attendance at lectures on medical student performance. J Med Educ. 1984 Jun; 59(6): 516-8.
 
[8]  Flournoy DJ, Hyde RM. Lecture attendanceJ Med Educ. 1986 Aug; 61(8): 705.
 
[9]  Ramsey PG, Gillmore GM, Irby DM Evaluating clinical teaching in the medicine clerkship: relationship of instructor experience and training setting to ratings of teaching effectiveness. Gen Intern Med. 1988 Jul-Aug; 3(4): 351-5.
 
[10]  Holm HA1, Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, Quality assurance of medical education--a prerequisite for good medical practice, 1992 Nov 20; 112(28): 3565-9.
 
[11]  Ramsbottom-Lucier MT1, Gillmore GM, Irby DM, Ramsey PG.,Evaluation of clinical teaching by general internal medicine faculty in outpatient and inpatient settings. Acad Med. 1994 Feb; 69(2): 152-4.
 
[12]  Hammen CS, KellandJL.Department of Zoology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881Attendance and grades in a human physiology course Am J Physiol. 1994 Dec;267(6 Pt 3):S105-8.
 
[13]  Riggs JW, Blanco JD Is there a relation between student lecture attendance and clinical Science subject examination score? Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Aug;84(2):311-3.
 
[14]  Graduate Medical education regulations, 1997 (published in PartIII, section 4, of the gazette of India dated 17th May 1997 (amended unto February 2012) available at website- http://www.mciindia.org/RulesandRegulations/Graduate MedicalEducationRegulations1997.aspx.
 
[15]  SteinertY.University of Texas Medical Branch, Division of Gastroenterology, Galveston, TX 7755-0764, USA. Using student focus groups to improve faculty performance. Acad Med. 2001 May;76(5):574-5.
 
[16]  Biggs J. The reflective institution: Assuring and enhancing the quality of teaching and learning. Higher Educ. 2001;41:221-38.
 
[17]  ElzubeirM, Rizk.D Evaluating the quality of teaching in medical education: are we using the evidence for both formative and summative purposes, Med teach.2002 May ;24 (3);313-9.
 
[18]  Sallis E. Total Quality Management in Education. London: Kogan Page Ltd; 2002.
 
[19]  LyntanGray. Marketing Education 1991 Publisher: Open UnivPr (September 1991) ISBN-10: 033509676X ISBN-13: 978-0335096763.
 
[20]  Stark P.Teaching and learning in the clinical setting: a qualitative study of the perceptions of students and teachers. Med Educ. 2003 Nov;37(11):975-82.
 
[21]  Darlaston Jones D, Pike L, Cohen L, Young A, Haunold S, Drew N. Are they being served? Student expectations of higher education. Issues Educ Res. 2003.
 
[22]  Breen, L., Cohen, L., Haunold, S., Pike, L., Young, A. (2001, August). Peer mentoring for university students: Is group mentoring as effective as one-to-one mentoring?. Paper presented at 16th Annual WAIER Research Forum, Perth, Australia. ( cross reference).
 
[23]  DhaliwalU. Absenteeism and under-achievement in final year medical students. Natl Med J India. 2003 Jan-Feb;16(1):34-7.
 
[24]  Bloomfield L, Harris P, Hughes C School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Curriculum Unit, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. L.Bloomfield@unsw.edu.auWhat do students want? The types of learning activities preferred by final year medical studentsMed Educ. 2003 Feb; 37(2):110-8.
 
[25]  Lockwood JH, Sabharwal RK, Danoff D, Whitcomb ME.Quality improvement in medical students' education: the AAMC medical school graduation questionnaire.Med Educ. 2004 Mar;38(3):234-6.
 
[26]  Mayya S, Roff S. Students' perceptions of educational environment: a comparison of academic achievers and under-achievers at kasturba medical college, India. Educ Health (Abingdon). 2004; 17(3): 280-91.
 
[27]  Savage C, Uhre S, Kovać K, Wennekes V, Jensen-Dahm C. Quality Assurance in Medical Schools, Moving from Quality Assurance to Quality Improvement Quality Assurance Workshop EMSA/IFMSA, Copenhagen, Denmark July 6-10, 2005 version 4.3. Available from: http://wiki.ifmsa.org scome/index.php?title = Quality_Assurance_in_Medical_Schools
 
[28]  United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. Paris: 2005. Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross-border Higher Education.
 
[29]  Grime P, Williams S, Nicholson S.Medical students' evaluation of a teaching session in occupational medicine: the value of a workplace visit.Occup Med (Lond). 2006 Mar;56(2):110-4. Epub 2005 Dec
 
[30]  Steinert Y1, Mann K, Centeno A, Dolmans D, Spencer J, Gelula M, Prideaux DA systematic review of faculty development initiatives designed to improve teaching effectiveness in medical education: BEME Guide No. 8.Med Teach. 2006 Sep;28(6):497-526.
 
[31]  Masić I1, Dedović-Halilbegović G, Novo A, Izetbegovíc S Quality assesment of education at Faculty of Medicine University of Sarajevo. Med Arh. 2006; 60(6):396-400.
 
[32]  Karle H. Global Standards and Accreditation in Medical Education: A View from the WFME” Supplement on the occasion of the ECFMG 50th Anniversary Invitational Conference “Impact of International Medical Graduates on US and Global Health Care” Acad Med. 2006; 81(Suppl): 43-8. New Manual for Assessment and Accreditation – For Health Science Institution.
 
[33]  Zuberi RW, Bordage G, Norman GR Validation of the SETOC instrument -- Student evaluation of teaching in outpatient clinics.AdvHealthSciEduc Theory Pract. 2007 Feb; 12(1):55-69. Epub 2006 Dec 8.
 
[34]  Masić I, Novo A, Deljković S, Omerhodzić I, Piralić A. How to assess and improve quality of medical education: lessons learned from Faculty of Medicine in Sarajevo. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2007 Feb;7(1):74-8
 
[35]  Van de Ridder JM1, Stokking KM, McGaghie WC, ten Cate OT What is feedback in clinical education? Med Educ. 2008 Feb;42(2):189-97.
 
[36]  Kebriaei A, Akbari F. Quality gap of educational services at Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull. 2008; 34(3):76,26–80.
 
[37]  Aghamolaei T, Zare S. Quality gap of educational services in viewpoints of students in Hormozgan University of medical sciences. BMC Med Educ. 2008;8:34.
 
[38]  BerkRA.Using the 360 degrees multisource feedback model to evaluate teaching and professionalism.Med Teach. 2009 Dec; 31(12):1073-80.
 
[39]  Elam P, Scales M, Pearson D Do visits help improve the quality of teaching within undergraduate teaching practices? Educ Prim Care. 2009 Nov;20(6):429-34.
 
[40]  Brochado A. Comparing alternative instruments to measure service quality in higher education. QualAssur Educ. 2009; 17(2):174-90.
 
[41]  Bell L, Neary M, Stevenson H. The future of higher education: policy, pedagogy and the student experience. London: Continuum International Publishing Group; 2009.
 
[42]  Aghamolaei T, Fazel I. Medical students' perceptions of the educational environment at an Iranian Medical Sciences University. BMC Med Educ. 2010; 10:87.
 
[43]  WFME Global Standards for Quality Improvement in Continuing Professional Development CPD of Medical Doctors. Updated 2011 Jul 14. Available from: http://www.wfme.org/standards/cpd
 
[44]  WFME Global Standards for Quality Improvement in Postgraduate Medical Education. Updated 2011 Jul 14 Available from: http://www.wfme.org/ standards/pgme.
 
[45]  WFME Global Standards for Quality Improvement in Basic Medical Education BME Updated 2011 Sep 13,. Available from: http://www.wfme.org/standards/ bme.
 
[46]  Promoting excellence: standards for medical education and training; http://www.gmc-uk.org/education/standards.asp; accessed on 3rd Feb2016.
 
[47]  Medha A. Joshi Quality assurance in medical education Indian J Pharmacol. 2012 May-Jun; 44(3): 285-287.
 
[48]  VarunKohli† and UpreetDhaliwal*Medical students’ perception of the educational environment in a medical college in India: a cross-sectional study using the Dundee Ready Education Environment questionnaireJ EducEval Health Prof. 2013; 10: 5.Published online 2013 Jun 30.
 
[49]  Ong WM, Nankervis A. Service quality in higher education: Students’ perceptions in Australia and Malaysia. Rev Integr Bus Econ Res. 2012; 1(1):277-90.
 
[50]  Bahram Nabilou and Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, The Bridge Between Real and Ideal: Students Perception on Quality Gap in Reality and Their Educational Expectations Iran Red Crescent Med J. Sep 2014; 16(9): e14254.Published online Aug 10, 2014.
 
[51]  Rahim Khanli M1, Daneshmandi H2, ChoobinehA The students' viewpoint on the quality gap in educational services. J Adv Med Educ Prof. 2014 Jul; 2(3):114-9.
 
[52]  MCI Vision 2015 (2011) [Last cited 2011 Dec 21]. Available from: http://www.mciindia.org/tools/announcement/MCI_booklet.pdf.
 
[53]  Tripti K Srivastava, Sandeep Shrivastava, Lalitbhusan S Waghmare, Impact of Attendnace Policy in rural medical school: a 3 year observational study Indian Journla of applied research Vl:4,issue 6 june2014 Page59-62, Issn2249-555X.
 
[54]  Sandeep Shrivastava, Relevance of “Quality Assurance” in Education Environment” Editorial, JHSE Vol 2 No 2.