American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2013, 1(8), 283-289
DOI: 10.12691/education-1-8-3
Open AccessArticle

Factors Contributing to the Students Academic Performance: A Case Study of Islamia University Sub-Campus

Shoukat Ali1, Zubair Haider2, , Fahad Munir1, Hamid Khan1 and Awais Ahmed3

1Lecturer, Department of Commerce, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, RYK Campus, Pakistan

2Lecturer, Department of Educational Training, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan

3Research Scholar, Department of Commerce, IUB, RYK Campus, Pakistan

Pub. Date: August 01, 2013

Cite this paper:
Shoukat Ali, Zubair Haider, Fahad Munir, Hamid Khan and Awais Ahmed. Factors Contributing to the Students Academic Performance: A Case Study of Islamia University Sub-Campus. American Journal of Educational Research. 2013; 1(8):283-289. doi: 10.12691/education-1-8-3


The present research study was design to investigate the factors affecting academic performance of graduate students of Islamia University of Bahawalpur Rahim Yar Khan Campus. The variables under consideration were the academic performance (student’s grades/marks) as a dependent variable and the gender, age, faculty of study, schooling, father/guardian social economic status, and residential area, medium of schooling; tuition trend, daily study hours and accommodation trend were independent variables. The data were collected from 100 students through separate structured questionnaire from different departments of Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan Campus using the simple random sampling technique. For analysis, linear regression model, correlation analysis, and descriptive analysis were used. The findings revealed that age, father/guardian social economic status and daily study hours significantly contribute the academic performance of graduate students. A linear model was also proposed that will be helpful to improve the academic performance of graduate students at University level.

academic performance public sector school education medium of instruction

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Bratti, M. and Staffolani, S. 2002, ‘Student Time Allocation and Educational Production Functions’, University of Ancona Department of Economics Working Paper No. 170.
[2]  Considine, G. & Zappala, G. (2002). Influence of social and economic disadvantage in the academic performance of school students in Australia. Journal of Sociology, 38, 129-148.
[3]  Crosnoe, R., Monica, K. J and Glen, H .E .Jr. (2004). School size and the interpersonal side of education: An example of Race/Ethnicity and organizational context. Social Science Quarterly, 85(5).
[4]  Durden, G. C. and Ellis, L. V. (1995). The effect of attendance on student learning in Principles of Economics. American Economic Review, 85, 343-346.
[5]  Eamon, M.K (2005). Social demographic, school, neighborhood, and parenting influences on academic achievement of Latino young adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(2), 163-175.
[6]  Escarce, J. J (2003). Socioeconomic status and the fates of adolescents. Retrieved on September 27 2007 from
[7]  Graetz, B. (1995), Socio-economic status in education research and policy in John Ainley et al., Socio-economic Status and School Education DEET/ACER Canberra.
[8]  Jeynes, William H. (2002). Examining the effects of parental absence on the academic achievement of adolescents: the challenge of controlling for family income. Journal of family and Economic Issues 23(2).
[9]  Kwesiga, C.J. (2002). Women’s access to higher education in Africa: Uganda’s experience. Kampala: Fountain publishers Ltd.
[10]  McDonald, A.S, Newton, P.E, Whetton, Cand Benefield, P. (2001). Aptitude testing for university entrance: a literature review. National foundation for educational research.
[11]  Minnesota Measures (2007) Report on higher education performance. Retrieved on May 24, 2008 from
[12]  Miller, W.P and Birch, R.E. (2007). The influence of type of high school attended on university performance. Retrieved on December 3, 2008. from
[13]  Oregon State University (2003). Graduate admissions policy proposal. Retrieved November 23, 2006 From
[14]  Pearson, P. D., & Johnson. (1978). Teaching reading comprehension. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
[15]  Pedrosa, et al (2006). Educational and social economic background of graduates and academic performance: consequences for affirmative action programs at a Brazilian research university. Retrieved on September 9, 2007. From:
[16]  Reddy, P and Talcott, J. (2006). Predicting university success in psychology: Are subject-specific skills important? Retrieved on July 4, 2008. from
[17]  Sentamu, N.P. (2003). School’s influence of learning: A case of upper primary schools in Kampala & Wakiso Districts.
[18]  Sparkes, J. (1999), Schools, Education and Social Exclusion, CASE Paper 29, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, London.