American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(7), 531-538
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-7-5
Open AccessArticle

Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood Teacher Training

Ahmed Abdulai1, and Agatha Inkoom2

1Department of Early Childhood Education, University of Education, Winneba

2Department of Basic Education Studies, University for Development Studies

Pub. Date: May 09, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ahmed Abdulai and Agatha Inkoom. Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood Teacher Training. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(7):531-538. doi: 10.12691/education-4-7-5


This paper examines the place of Guidance and Counselling in Early Childhood teacher training. A 20-item questionnaire was administered to 486 students drawn from University of Education, Winneba (UEW) and University for Development Studies (UDS); both public universities engaged in teacher education. A descriptive survey was adopted for the study. The main instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire for Early Childhood Education students. The data gathered was coded and analysed with the aid of computer software, Statistical Package for Service Solution (SPSS) version 17. The statistical tools used in the analysis consisted of both descriptive and inferential statistics. The open-ended data was also categorised and recorded according to themes for emergent patterns. It is evident from research data that teacher trainees are aware of the availability of guidance and counselling services in their respective schools, which is mostly through the school counsellor. Furthermore, this study presents viewpoints in relation to the needs of the student, how they are addressed, and how well these services are available. The current study has added to existing knowledge on student1w perception about the place of guidance and counselling services between UEW and UDS. The paper draws on the findings and recommend that sourcing of guidance and counselling services should be mandatory on the part of students and that such services should not be limited to academic issues but should also address personal and social needs of recipients.

teacher-trainees supervision guidance counselling direction Ghana

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  American Psychological Association. (1956). Counselling Psychology as a Speciality. American Psychologist.
[2]  Bulus, I. (1990). Guidance Practice in Schools. Jos: Ehindero Ltd.
[3]  Eyo, M. B., Joshua, A.K., Esuong, A.E (2010). Attitude of Secondary School Students Towards Guidance and Counselling Services in Cross River State. Edo Journal of Counselling. Vol.3, No. 1, p.87-99.
[4]  Gysbers, N. C. & Henderson, P. (2000). Developing and Managing Your School Guidance Program (3rd ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counselling Association.
[5]  Ivey, A.E. (1987). Counselling and Psychotherapy. Englewood, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc. Kankam, G., & Onivehu, A. O. (2000). Principles and Practices of Guidance and Counselling. Accra: Accra Press.
[6]  Kolo, F. D. (2001). Elements of Psychological testing for Counsellors and Psychologists, Zaria. Amadu Bello Co.
[7]  Makinde, O. (1983). Fundamentals of Guidance and Counselling, London; Macmillan.
[8]  Mallum, A. Y. (2000). Guidance and Counselling. Beginner’s Guide, Jos; Deke Publications.
[9]  Myrick, R.D. (2003). Developmental Guidance and Counselling: A Practical Approach. (4th Ed.). Minneapolis, MN: Educational Media Corporation.
[10]  Patton, W. (2000). Perceptions of training needs of career personnel before and after a university program. Journal of Career Development, Vol. 26, p175-190.
[11]  Pecku, N.K. (1991). Introduction to Guidance for Training Colleges (2nd Ed.). Accra: University of Ghana Press.
[12]  Rao, S.N. (2005). Counselling and Guidance. New Delhi: Authors Press.
[13]  Shertzer, B. & Stone, S.C. (1976). Fundamentals of Guidance and Counselling. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
[14]  Schmidt, J.J. (2003). Counselling in Schools: Essential Services and Comprehensive Programmes. (4th Ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
[15]  Taylor, I.A. & Buku, K.D. (2006). Basics in Guidance and Counselling (2nd Ed.). Winneba:. University of Education Winneba
[16]  Yuen, M. (2002). Exploring Hong Kong Chinese guidance teachers’ positive beliefs: A focus group study. International Journal for the advancement of Counselling. Vol.24 p169-182.
[17]  Webster Student Dictionary (1999).