American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(1), 126-133
DOI: 10.12691/education-4-1-19
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Summarization as a Pre-Listening Technique at University Preparatory Classes

Sezen Balaban1, 2,

1Department of English Language Teaching, Uludağ University

2Department of English Language Teaching, Yeditepe University

Pub. Date: February 17, 2016

Cite this paper:
Sezen Balaban. The Effect of Summarization as a Pre-Listening Technique at University Preparatory Classes. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(1):126-133. doi: 10.12691/education-4-1-19


Listening forms a considerable role whilst communication. As for foreign language learning, listening is of major significance since it produces language input. For students, listening comprehension is one of the most challenging courses. For second language instructors, fostering the students’ listening comprehension skills and preparing them as active listeners is a big challenge. In this manner, this paper presents findings from an action research study exploring the impact of summarization technique as a pre-listening activity on EFL learners’ performance in giving correct immediate written response to listening comprehension questions. Data were elicited from 15 elementary level university prep class students at a state university in Turkey. A comparison between the pre-test and post-test scores demonstrated that the learners achieved significantly higher marks after the treatment classes. The findings suggest that summarization of listening passages is a useful predictor of improved performance.

summarization pre-listening top-down listening strategies meta-cognitive awareness

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