American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2013, 1(7), 221-224
DOI: 10.12691/education-1-7-1
Open AccessArticle

Occupational Gender Segregation and Its Determinants, an Analysis of Pakistan Labor Force Market

Muhammad Irfan1, , Sofia Anwar2, Waqar Akram3 and Irum Waqar3

1M.Phil Economics research scholar, G.C University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

2Department of Economics G.C University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

3Department of Business Administration, Institute of Business Administration Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan

Pub. Date: July 30, 2013

Cite this paper:
Muhammad Irfan, Sofia Anwar, Waqar Akram and Irum Waqar. Occupational Gender Segregation and Its Determinants, an Analysis of Pakistan Labor Force Market. American Journal of Educational Research. 2013; 1(7):221-224. doi: 10.12691/education-1-7-1

Abstract

This paper explores that there is gender segregation in the Pakistan labor force market. To calculate this segregation data from Pakistan labor force survey 2009-10 has been used and Duncan index technique was used to calculate the segregation index. Researcher considered nine major professions to check the segregation index. After finding the segregation indices this paper finds the determinants of this segregation. This paper examines the impact of age, gender, training, province and education on segregation index. It was found that in the profession of the manager there was higher segregation comparatively. It was also observed that an increase in the educational segregation decreases. It is suggested that education should be improved so that the segregation may be reduced.

Keywords:
occupational gender segregation determinants Pakistan labor force market

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Fernandez, J.L (2009) Intra-occupational Gender Earnings Gaps in Malaysia. Jurnal Kemanusiaan bil.14.
 
[2]  Moheyuddin, G. (2005) Gender Inequality in Education: Impact on Income, Growth and Development. MPRA Paper No. 685, posted 07.
 
[3]  Swanson, A.P (2005). Occupational Sex Segregation And Economic Development. Journal of Business & Economic Research. 3(8).
 
[4]  Yasin, G., Chaudhry, I.S. and Afzal, S. (2010) Determinants of Gender Based Wage Discrimination in Pakistan: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Approach. Asian Social Science. 6(11).
 
[5]  Awan, M.S., Farooq, S.U. and Bilal, R.U. (2008). Educational Attainment, Occupational Choice and Poverty: A Gender Perspective from Pakistan. Journal of Managerial Sciences.2 (1).
 
[6]  Ahmed, A.M. and Hyder, A. (2009). Sticky Floors and Occupational Segregation: Evidence from Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review. 47(4).
 
[7]  Maqsood, R. Ch, B., Zia. And Cheema, A. (2005). Problems of Employed Women at Faisalabad–Pakistan.Journal of Agriculture & Social Sciences.
 
[8]  Bender, K.A., Donohue, S.M. and Heywood, J.S. (2005). Job Satisfaction and Gender Segregation. Oxford Economic Papers 57.
 
[9]  Farooq, M. and Sulaiman, J. (2009).Gender Earnings Inequality and Discrimination in the Pakistani Labor Market.The Dialogue. 4 (3).
 
[10]  Channar, Z.A., Abbassi, Z. and Ujan, I.A. (2011) Gender Discrimination in Workforce and its Impact on the Employees. Pak. J. Commer. Soc. Sci. 5(1).
 
[11]  Alam, A. (2011). Impact of Gender Discrimination on Gender Development and Poverty Alleviation. Sarhad J. Agric. 27 (2).
 
[12]  Khan, M.A. (2007). Factor Affecting Employment Choice in Rural North West Pakistan. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development.