American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(8), 1020-1026
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-8-12
Open AccessArticle

An Empirical Investigation of Faculty Members' Organizational Commitmentin the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Maha B. BinBakr1, and Eman I. Ahmed1

1College of Arts, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: July 28, 2015

Cite this paper:
Maha B. BinBakr and Eman I. Ahmed. An Empirical Investigation of Faculty Members' Organizational Commitmentin the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(8):1020-1026. doi: 10.12691/education-3-8-12


The present study utilizes the Meyer and Allen three–component model of organizational commitment to measure commitment among faculty members in Saudi Arabia. The study further investigates the relationship between the faculty's demographic variables (gender, academic rank, college cluster, years of experience, and nationality) and their organizational commitment. A survey research design was used to measure 185 faculty members’ commitment to their organizations. This study’s results demonstrate high levels of effective organizational commitment among respondents. Academic rank was found to be significantly related to organizational commitment among other demographic variables. The implications of the study could be used to improve organizational commitment among faculty members in Saudi Arabia.

organizational commitment faculty members saudi arabia university of dammam

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Alshitri, K, “The effects of the personal variables on organizational commitment in public organizations in Saudi Arabia,” IBIMA Business Review, Article ID 725189, 2013.
[2]  Aluto, J., Herbiniak, L. and Alonso, R, “ On operationalizing the concept of commitment,” Social Forces, 51(4), 448-454, 1973.
[3]  Angel, H. and Perry, J, “Organizational commitment: Individual and Organizational Influence,” Work and Occupation, 10(2), 123-146, 1983.
[4]  Aydin, A., Sarier, Y. and Uysal, S, “The Effect of Gender on Organizational Commitment of Teachers: A Meta Analytic Analysis,” Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 11(2), 628-632, 2011.
[5]  Aydin, A., Sarier, Y. and Uysal, S, “The effect of school principals' leadership styles on teachers' organizational commitment and job satisfaction,” Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 13(2), 806-811, 2013.
[6]  Azeem, S . and Akhtar, N, “Job Satisfaction and organizational commitment among public sector employees in Saudi Arabia,” International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(7), 127-133, 2014.
[7]  Balay, R, “Effect of learning organization perception to the organizational commitment: A comparison between private and public university,” Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 12(4), 2474-2486, 2012.
[8]  Becker, H, “Notes on the concepts of commitment,” American Journal of Sociology, 66(1), 32-40, 1960.
[9]  Bergami, M. and Bagozzi, R, “Self- Categorization, affective commitment, and group self-esteem as distinct aspects of social identity in the organization,” British Journal of Social Psychology, 39(1), 555-577, 2000.
[10]  Beukhof, G., De Jong, M. J. and Nijhof, W. J, “Employee Commitment in Changing Organization: An Exploration,” Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 22, No. 6, 243-248, 1998.
[11]  Bhatnagar, J, “Predictors of organizational commitment in India: strategic HR roles, organizational learning capability and psychological empowerment,” Human Resource Management, 18(10), 1782-1811, 2007.
[12]  Black, R., Doing Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences. London: Sage, 1999.
[13]  Boon, O. K. et al., “TQM Practices and Affective Commitment: A Case of Malaysian Semiconductor Packaging Organizations,” International Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship, 2(1), 37-55, 2006.
[14]  Chughtai,. A. and Zafar, S, “Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Commitment Among Pakistani University Teachers,” Applied Human Research Management, 11(1), 39-64, 2006.
[15]  Cohen, A, “Commitment before and after: An evaluation and reconceptualization of organizational commitment,” Human Resource Management Review, 17(3), 336-354, 2007.
[16]  Davoodipoor, A., Ahancheyan, M.. and Rezvani, M. S, “The implementation of management schoolbased plan according to mission, cooperation and organizational commitment among administrators and teachers of guidance schools in Mashad city in Iran,” The new Thoughts in Educational Sciences 4, 37-53, 2008.
[17]  Giffords, E, “An Examination of Organizational Commitment and Professional Commitment and the Relationship to Work Environment Demographic and Organizational Factors,” Journal of Social Work, 9(4), 386-404, 2009.
[18]  Glisson, C . and Durick, M, “Predictors of Job satisfaction and organizational commitment in human service organizations, “Administrative Science Quarterly, 33, 61-81, 1988.
[19]  Hossaini, S., Amirtash, M. and Mozafari, A,” Relationship, comparison and explanation of different leadership styles with organizational commitment among scientific boards of lecturers in Iran universities,” Sport Sciences and Moving, 1(6), 83-94, 2005.
[20]  Iqbal A,”An Empirical Assessment of Demographic Factors, Organizational Ranks and Organizational commitment”, International Journal of Business and Management, 5, (3), 16-27, 2010.
[21]  Iqpal, A., Kokash, H. and Al-Oun, S, “The impact assessment of demographic factors on faculty commitment in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabian Universities,” Journal of College Teaching& Learning, 8(2), 1-13, 2011.
[22]  Jaros, S, “Meyer and Allen model of organizational commitment: Measurement issues,”The ICFAI Journal of Organizational Behavior, VI (4), 7-25, 2007.
[23]  Kanter, R, “Commitment and social organization: A study of commitment mechanisms in the utopian communities,” American Journal of Sociology, 33, 499-517, 1986.
[24]  Krishna, V. and Marquardt, M, “A Framework for the development of organizational using action learning,” Avaliable: [Accesses April 2, 2015].
[25]  Lim, C, What's in it for me? Organizational commitment among faculty members in UAE business schools. Finland: Universitatis Ouluensis, 2014.
[26]  Lim, T, “Relationships among organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and learning organization culture in one Korean private organization,” Asia Pacific Education Review, 11(3), 311-320, September 2010.
[27]  Mathieu, J. E. and Zajac, D. M, (“A review and meta-analysis of the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of organizational commitment,” Psychological Bulletin, 108(2), 171-194, 1990.
[28]  Meyer, J. and Allen, N, “A ThreeComponent Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment”, Human Resource Management Review 1(1), 61-89, 1991.
[29]  Meyer, J., & Allen, N. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research, and application, Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
[30]  Meyer, J. and Stanely, “Affective, Normative, and continuance commitment levels across cultures: A meta- analysis,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 225-245, 2012.
[31]  Mowday, R., et al,. “The measurement of organizational commitment,” Journal of Vocational Behavior, 224-247, 1979.
[32]  Nancy, F., Factors Predicting faculty commitment to the university, in the 33th Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research, Chicago: IL,2001.
[33]  Nazari, K,, “An empirical investigation of lecturers' organizational commitment in technical and vocational colleges in Iran,” International Refereed Journal, III (1), 1-10, 2012.
[34]  Salami, S. O, “Demographic and Psychological Factors Predicting Organizational Commitment among Industrial Workers,” Anthropologist,. 10( 1), 31- 38, 2008.
[35]  Sersic, D, “An empirical test of Meyer and Allen' s three- component model of organizational commitment in Croatian context,” Review of Psychology, 6(1-2), 17-24, 1999.
[36]  Steers, R, “Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 22(1), 46-56, 1977.
[37]  Yaghi, A, “Examining organizational commitment among national and expatriate employees in the private and public sectors in United Arab Emirates,” International Journal of Public Administration, 37(4), 2014.
[38]  Yew, L, “Job Satisfaction and Affective Commitment: A Study of Employees in the Tourism Industry in Sarawak, Malaysia,” World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 4(1), 85-101, 2008.
[39]  Zaitouni, M., et al., “The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Organizational Commitment in the Banking Sector in Kuwait,” International Journal of Business and Management, 6(5), 108-123, 2011.
[40]  Zanagro, G, “Oragizational commitment: A concept analysis,” Nursing Forum, 36(2), 1-14, 2001.