American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 643-651
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-18
Open AccessReview Article

Muslim Girls’ Experiences in non-Muslim Schools of Brisbane

Huma Kanwal1,

1Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia

Pub. Date: May 07, 2015

Cite this paper:
Huma Kanwal. Muslim Girls’ Experiences in non-Muslim Schools of Brisbane. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(5):643-651. doi: 10.12691/education-3-5-18

Abstract

Living conditions of Muslims have changed in the Western world. Many studies have found that after the incidents of September 11, 2001, Muslims all over the world, especially in the Western world have had to deal with the backlash of these events. Australia has not been isolated from this backlash. In this paper I explore the lives of 10 young Muslim girls who are 13-19 years of age and going to non-Muslim schools of Brisbane to find out their school experiences. In this paper I explore the school experiences of young Muslim girls to find out that at what extent these girls are struggling to negotiate their personalities while living in a non-Islamic society. Furthermore, the paper will highlight the issues of racism that has been faced by Muslim students in some of the Brisbane schools on the daily basis.

Keywords:
muslims girls high schools racism

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Abdalla, M. (2012). The Way Forward for Muslim Women: Reflections on Australia's social Inclusion Agenda In T. Lovat (Ed.), Women in Islam: Reflections on historical and contemporary research (pp. 135-147): Springer.
 
[2]  Akbarzadeh, S., Bouma, G. D., Woodlock, R., Ling, R., Rahman, A., & Russell, Z. (2009). Muslim Voices: Hopes & Aspirations of Muslim Australians. Centre for Muslim Minorities & Islam Policy Studies, School of Political and Social Inquiry. Faculty of Arts. Monash University.
 
[3]  Akbarzadeh, S., & Smith, B. (2005). The representation of Islam and Muslims in the media: The.
 
[4]  Aly, A. (2007). Australian Muslim responses to the discourse on terrorism in the Australian popular media. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 42(1), 27.
 
[5]  Ata, W. A. (2007). Moslem Arab Portrayal in the Australian Press and in School Textbooks. Australian eJournal of Theology, 19(3 ), 207-2017.
 
[6]  Australian Human Rights Equal Opportunity Commission. (2004). Isma–Listen: National consultations on eliminating prejudice against Arab and Muslim Australians: Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.
 
[7]  Bashir-Ali, K., & Elnour, A. (2003). Teaching Muslim girls in American schools. (Women of the World). Social Education, 67(1), 62+.
 
[8]  Berg, B. L. (2006). Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences (6 ed.). Boston: Allan & Bacon.
 
[9]  Boyce, C., & Neale, P. (2006). Conducting in-depth interviews: A guide for designing and conducting in-depth interviews for evaluation input: Pathfinder International Watertown, MA.
 
[10]  Browning, J. A., & Jakubowicz, A. (2003). What Can We Say About Racism in Australia? Racism Monitor Report: Discussion Paper No. 1.
 
[11]  Fair Go Australia & Transforming Culture Research Centre, University of Technology Sydney.
 
[12]  Clyne, I. D. (2000). Seeking Education: The Struggle of Muslims to Educate Their Children in Australia. University of Melbourne, Department of Education.
 
[13]  Clyne, I. D. (2006). Seeking Education: The struggle of educating Muslim children in Australia. Unpublished PhD Thesis. The University of Melbourne.
 
[14]  Dunn, M. K., Klocker, N., & Salabay, A. (2007). Contemporary racism and Islamaphobia in Australia : Racializing religion. Ethnicities 7(4), 564-589.
 
[15]  Griffiths, B., & Pedersen, A. (2009). Prejudice and the function of attitudes relating to Muslim Australians and Indigenous Australians. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61(4), 228-238.
 
[16]  Gunel, E. (2007). Understanding Muslim Girls' Experiences In Midwestern School Settings: Negotiating Their Cultural Identities And Interpreting Social Studies Curriculum. (Doctor of Philosophy), Ohio State University.
 
[17]  Hassim, E., & Cole-Adams, J. (2010). Learning from one another: Brining Muslim Perspectives into Australian Schools. National Centre of Excellence for Islamic Studies. University of Melbourne.
 
[18]  Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. (2004). ‘Isma-Listen: National consultation on eliminating prejudice against Arab and Muslim Australians’.
 
[19]  Imtoual, A. S. (2006). They Don't Want Us To Practice Our Faith Young South Australian Muslim Women & Their Experiences of Religious Racism In High School. Proceedings of the AARE 2006 International Education Research Conference.
 
[20]  Issues Deliberation Australia. (2007). Australia Deliberates Muslims and Non-Muslims In Australia.
 
[21]  Kabir, N. (2007). What does it mean to be un-Australian? Views of Australian Muslim students in 2006. People and Place, 15(1), 62-79.
 
[22]  Kabir, N. (2009). The 2Rs – Respect and Responsibility: The Case of Australian Muslim Girls. Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal’., 1(3).
 
[23]  Keaton, T. (2005). Arrogant Assimilationism: National Identity Politics and African‐Origin Muslim Girls in the Other France. Anthropology & education quarterly, 36(4), 405-423.
 
[24]  Laurence, J., & Vaisse, J. (2006). Integrating Islam: Political and religious challenges in contemporary France: The Brookings Institute. Washington: DC.
 
[25]  Maiden, S., & Lipman, N. (2005). Scarves more rebellion than religion: Lib. The Australian, 26, 6.
 
[26]  Manning, P. (2003). Arabic and Muslim people in Sydney's daily newspapers, before and after September 11. Media International Australia, Incorporating Culture & Policy(109), 50.
 
[27]  Mansouri, F., & Kamp, A. (2007). Structural deficiency or cultural racism: the educational and social experiences of Arab-Australian youth. Australian journal of social issues 42(1), 87-102.
 
[28]  Mansouri, F., & Trembath, A. (2005). Multicultural education and racism: The case of Arab-Australian students in contemporary Australia. Deakin University.
 
[29]  Mansouri, F., & Trembath, A. (2005). Multicultural education and racism: The case of Arab-Australian students in contemporary Australia. International Education Journal, 6(4), 516-529.
 
[30]  Mansouri, F., & Wood, S. P. (2008). Identity, Education and Belonging: Arab and Muslim Youth in Contemporary Australia: Melbourne University Press.
 
[31]  Mason, V. (2004). Strangers Within in the "Lucky Country": Arab-Australians after September 11. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 24(1), 233-243.
 
[32]  Omar, Y. S. (2007). Australia's Muslims: experiences and expectations after September 11. Discussion Papers. Centre for Dialogue: A centre of La Trobe University 3.
 
[33]  Pedersen, A., Aly, A., Hartley, L., & McGarty, C. (2009). An intervention to increase positive attitudes and address misconceptions about Australian Muslims: A call for education and open mindedness. The Australian Community Psychologist, 21(2), 81-93.
 
[34]  Poynting, S. (2002). Bin Laden in the suburbs: Attacks on Arab and Muslim Australians before and after 11 September. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 14, 43.
 
[35]  Poynting, S., & Mason, V. (2007). The resistible rise of Islamophobia: Anti-Muslim racism in the UK and Australia before 11 September 2001. Journal of Sociology 43(61), 61–86.
 
[36]  Poynting, S., Noble, G., Tabar, P., & Collins, J. (2004). Bin Laden in the Suburbs: Criminalising the Arab Other. Sydney Institute of Criminology.
 
[37]  Runnymede. (1997). Islamophobia a challenge for us all: The Runnymede Trust.
 
[38]  Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory: London: Sage.
 
[39]  Syer, M. (1982). Racism, Ways of Thinking and School In J. Tierney (Ed.), Race, Migration, and Schooling: Thetford Press Ltd, Norfolk
 
[40]  Turner, S. B. (2013). Shahram Akbarzadeh (2010) Challenging Identities: Muslim Women in Australia. With Foreword by Hanifa Deen. Melbourne University Press. Asian Journal of Social Science 41(2), 235-236.
 
[41]  Vahed, G. (2008). Young Muslims in Brisbane: Negotiating Cultural Identity and Alienation. Journal of Social Sciences, Special Volume No. 1, 35-52.
 
[42]  Yasmeen, S. (2002). Muslim Women as Citizens in Australia: Perth as a case study. In Y. Y. Haddad & I. Smith Jane (Eds.), Muslim Minorities in the West: visible and invisible. Walnut Creek, Lanham, New York, Oxford: Altamira Press.
 
[43]  Yasmeen, S. (2008). Understanding Muslim identities: From perceived relative exclusion to inclusion: Department of Immigration and Citizenship Canberra.
 
[44]  Zine, J. (2006). Unveiled sentiments: Gendered Islamophobia and experiences of veiling among Muslim girls in a Canadian Islamic school. Equity & Excellence in Education, 39(3), 239-252.