American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(12), 1244-1249
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-12-18
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Nigerian Universities Outputs and Their Employability in the Labour Markets in South- South, Nigeria

Asuquo Austin Effiong1, and Agboola Bolapeju Mary1

1Department of Curriculum Studies, Education Management and Planning, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State

Pub. Date: December 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
Asuquo Austin Effiong and Agboola Bolapeju Mary. Nigerian Universities Outputs and Their Employability in the Labour Markets in South- South, Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(12):1244-1249. doi: 10.12691/education-2-12-18


This study examines Nigerian Universities outputs and their employability in the labour market in South-South, Nigeria. The descriptive design of expost facto type was used and the study population comprised Nigerian Universities graduates in both private and public establishments in South-South, Nigeria. Researcher developed questionnaire tagged “Universities Outputs and their Employability Questionnaire” which was validated by two independent experts in Test and Measurement and was used in data collection. Reliability of this instrument was tested and Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained. Multi-stage sampling was used to select sample of 1200 UNiversities graduates, 600 from private and 600 from public establishments in South-South, Nigeria. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyse the demographics of these employers while both one sample t-test and independent t-test were used to test research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20.0) was used to enhance data analysis. Result showed that the employability of Nigerian Universities outputs based on the responses of their employers who rated them was significantly below average. This result was indifference in spite of differences respondents’ sex, organisation type, educational qualification and age. Hence, management of University education in Nigeria should collaborate with the employers of labour in designing the university curriculum. Also, a more robust and proactive steps should be taken by Nigerian government to improve the existing industrial training programme and other programme channeled towards enhancing the employability of Universities outputs in South- South and in Nigeria at large.

graduate employability university outputs unemployment

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