American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(12), 1211-1217
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-12-13
Open AccessArticle

The Student Wheels Strategy in Teaching Speaking Skills to Cultivate Politeness at Junior High School

Nanik Mariani Effendie1,

1English Department FKIP Lambung Mangkurat University Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Pub. Date: December 15, 2014

Cite this paper:
Nanik Mariani Effendie. The Student Wheels Strategy in Teaching Speaking Skills to Cultivate Politeness at Junior High School. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(12):1211-1217. doi: 10.12691/education-2-12-13

Abstract

The English Course is one of the foreign language courses that must be taught as a compulsory subject at school, especially in the Junior High School. It is more stressed on knowledge of the four standards of competence or the four language skills, without considering the ethical values contained in that four language skills. It means that the teaching and learning English, especially in speaking skills, should be taught not only in the cognitive skills, but also in the affective skills as well. The education regarding how language-speaking politely, considering the value of tolerance, sympathy, and empathy. So implementing politeness in the process of teaching English speaking skills is important. Politeness is the rules of conduct established and agreed upon jointly by a particular community so that politeness as well as be concluded by the prerequisite of social behavior. To cultivate politeness in English speaking class, the English teachers at Junior High Schools (SMP) can use the teaching strategy, such as Student wheels strategy. Student Wheels is adopted from Hadfield (in Sulistiyowati, 2009: 72-73) to get the students more active in speaking class and accustomed in using polite language. Using Student wheels, all students can get their roles in speaking because they have to interact each other by standing in two circles formed as wheels. In this strategy, all students use the expressions of English speaking thought by the teacher and they can accustom by themselves in implementing politeness in the classroom.

Keywords:
politeness student wheels English speaking class

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Alwasilah, A.C., Filsafat Bahasa dan Pendidikan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2008, 24-25.
 
[2]  Apriliaswati, Rahayu, Promoting Peer Interactions to Develop Positive Civil Discourse. (A Case Study of Action Research at Elementary School 42 Pontianak) Disertasi. Bandung: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. 2011.
 
[3]  Austin, J.L, How to Do Thing with Words. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard U.P., 1962.
 
[4]  Brown, Penelope and Stephen C. Levinson. Politeness Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge University Press, 1998, 80.
 
[5]  Chaer, Abdul, Kesantunan Barbahasa. Jakarata: Rineka Cipta, 2010, 6-9
 
[6]  Coulthard, M, An Introduction to Discourse Analysis. New York: Longman Inc, 1985, 18-19.
 
[7]  Creswell, John W, Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Boston: Pearson, 2008, 580-581.
 
[8]  Hadfield, Jill dan Charles Hadfield, Simple Speaking Activity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, 19-20.
 
[9]  Halliwell, Susan. 1994. Teaching English in The Primary Classroom. London and New York: Longman, 1994, 38.
 
[10]  Leech, N., Geoffrey, Principles of Pragmatics. London and New York: Longman Group Ltd, 1983, 34.
 
[11]  Levinson, C., Stephen, Pragmatics. London: Cambridge University Press. 1985, 49-52.
 
[12]  Lickona, Thomas, Educating for Character, How Our Schools can Teach Respect and Responsibility. Bantam Books, New York, 1991, 51-52.
 
[13]  Mariani, Nanik, Conversational Implicatures in Bernard Shaw’s "Pygmalion". Unpublished thesis. Malang: State University of Malang, 2003, 28.
 
[14]  Megawangi, R, Pendidikan Karakter, solusi yang tepat untuk membangun bangsa. Jakarta: BP. Migas, 2004, 95.
 
[15]  Muslich, Masnur, Kesantunan Berbahasa. Suatu Kajian Sosiolinguistik. Malang: UM Press, 2006, 26.
 
[16]  Prayitno dan Belferik Manullang, Pendidikan Karakter dalam Pembangunan Bangsa. Medan: Penerbit Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Medan, 2011, 38-39.
 
[17]  Sauri, Sofyan, Pendidikan Berbahasa Santun. Bandung: PT Genesindo, 2006, 51-52.
 
[18]  Searle, J. R., Ference Kiefer & Manfred Bierwisch, Speech Act Theory and Pragmatics. London: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1975, 19-2
 
[19]  Sulistiyowati, Ari, Peningkatan Kemampuan Speaking melalui Pembelajaran yang Menyenangkan dengan Model Student Wheels pada Kelas VIIC SMP Negeri 2 Mirit Tahun Pelajaran 2007/2008. Widyatama Journal, 6 (1). 69-77, March 2009.
 
[20]  Watts, Richard J, Politeness. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 1-2.