American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(12), 1182-1189
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-12-8
Open AccessCase Report

Test Tool Creation and Examination of Selected Cognitive Skills of Students at the Slovak University of Technology

Mária Bednáriková1, and Karol Kováč1

1Department of Human Sciences, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Trnava, Slovakia

Pub. Date: December 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
Mária Bednáriková and Karol Kováč. Test Tool Creation and Examination of Selected Cognitive Skills of Students at the Slovak University of Technology. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(12):1182-1189. doi: 10.12691/education-2-12-8

Abstract

In the article we analyze the possibility of testing critical thinking using a self-compiled questionnaire: "A test of selected critical thinking skills." There are four main dimensions of critical thinking studied in the test. In the first dimension, we tested the ability to identify relations between two terms. In the second dimension, we tested the ability of the formal - logical analysis combined with logical operations such as implication, conjunction, negation, and equivalence. In the third dimension we tested the ability of determining relations or contradictions in more extensive text units. The importance lies in the ability to differentiate own interpretation of statements from statements that have been shown and proven in the text. The fourth dimension focuses on the ability to interpret the text in order to identify causality and formulate logically consistent arguments. It was very important to understand the text and identify the tacit explicit information (such as the main idea of the text). The research questions and hypotheses were drawn to validate the parameters of a specific instrument. Results of the analyses showed the existence of statistically significant links between the first and second dimensions of the test.

Keywords:
critical thinking cognitive operations dimensions of critical thinking a tool to measure critical thinking correlation research

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Ennis, R., H. “A Logical Basis for Measuring Critical Thinking Skills“, In: Educational Leadership, 40 (10). 44-48. October 1985.
 
[2]  Facione P.A, Giancarlo C.A, Facione N.C, Gainen J. The disposition toward critical thinking. In: Journal of General Education. 1995, vol 44, 1-25.
 
[3]  Sadler, G. “Reconciling Four Models of Critical Thinking: FSU QEP, Paul-Elder, CLA, and APA Delphi.” [Online]. Available: . [Accessed March. 5, 2014].
 
[4]  Niewoehner, J., R. “Applied Disciplines: A Critical Thinking Model for Engineering.” [Online]. Available: . [Accessed April. 26, 2014].
 
[5]  Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T. and Archer, W. "Critical thinking, cognitive presence, and computer conferencing in distance education."American Journal of distance education 15 (1). 7-23. 2001.
 
[6]  Odlerová, E., Bednáriková, M. The problem of evaluating approaches of university students in the study of ecophilosophy and in guiding towards critical thinking. In: Proceedings of the Joint International IGIP-SEFI: Annual Conference 2010. Diversity unifies - Diversity in Engineering Education, 19th - 22 th September 2010, Trnava, Slovakia. Brussel: SEFI, 2010.
 
[7]  Ennis, R., H. “Critical Thinking Assessment.” In: Theory Into Practice, Volume 32, Issue 3, 1993.
 
[8]  Bednáriková, M. Introduction to Cognitive Science. Filozofická fakulta Trnavskej univerzity v Trnave, Towarzystwo Słowaków w Polsce, Kraków 2013, 47-52.
 
[9]  Kováč, K., Ritomský, A. Advancement in the Scientific Reasoning of online consumer behavior. In: Proceedings of the Joint International IGIP-SEFI: Annual Conference 2010. Diversity unifies - Diversity in Engineering Education, 19th - 22 th September 2010, Trnava, Slovakia. Brussel: SEFI, 2010.
 
[10]  Koukolik, F. Zvíře politické. Eseje o lidské nátuře. Galen, Praha 2012, 25-26.
 
[11]  Calvin, W., H. Ako myslí mozog. Kaligram, Bratislava 2000, 19-21.
 
[12]  Toulmin Model of Argumentation. [Online]. Available: . [Accessed May. 30, 2014].