American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(12), 1164-1174
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-12-6
Open AccessArticle

Formal Multiple Intelligences Assessment Instruments for 4-6 Years Old Children

MARTINI JAMARIS1, and EDWITA1

1School of Education State University of Jakarta INDONESIA

Pub. Date: December 03, 2014

Cite this paper:
MARTINI JAMARIS and EDWITA. Formal Multiple Intelligences Assessment Instruments for 4-6 Years Old Children. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(12):1164-1174. doi: 10.12691/education-2-12-6

Abstract

This two years research was done in the form of research and development. The selection of the research method was because the research developed valid and reliable instruments which be used to assess eight types of the multiple-intelligences of the 4-6 years old children. They were eight types of multiple intelligences namely verbal/linguistics intelligence, logical mathematical intelligence, visual spatial intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, bodily/kinesthetic intelligence, music/rythmic intelligence and naturalist intelligence. The two years research and development was done in three stages. By doing literature research, the first stage was to analyze concepts, principles, and theories aimed to construct multiple intelligences conceptual frame work of the 4-6 years old children. The second stage was to develop valid and reliable eight types of formal multiple intelligences assessment instruments for the 4-6 years old children, in which, the validity and reliability of the assessment instruments were confirmed by field test. First field test was carried out on a small group consisted of 20 children, and the second field test included 40 children. Both field tests revealed that the eight types of multiple intelligences assessment instruments were valid and reliable. The third stage was to assess the improvement of the 4-6 years old children’s multiple intelligences after participating the instructional model focused on the improvement of multiple intelligences. The third stage was done by implementing mix method research and revealed that the children’s multiple intelligences were improved. The improvement of the children’s multiple intelligences assessed accurately. To decide the level of multiple intelligences improvement of the children, therefore, the assessment instruments equipped by measured standard used.

Keywords:
valid and reliable the 4-6 years old children improvement assesment instruments mix method research measured standard

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