American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(8), 683-690
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-8-18
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Candidate Surveys on Program Evaluation: Examining Instrument Reliability, Validity and Program Effectiveness

Ruchi Bhatnagar1, , Jihye Kim2 and Joyce E. Many1

1Dean’s office, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Ga, USA

2University System of Georgia, Atlanta, Ga, USA

Pub. Date: August 12, 2014

Cite this paper:
Ruchi Bhatnagar, Jihye Kim and Joyce E. Many. Candidate Surveys on Program Evaluation: Examining Instrument Reliability, Validity and Program Effectiveness. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(8):683-690. doi: 10.12691/education-2-8-18


This self-study conducted by an urban college of education examined the effectiveness of its teacher education programs in emphasizing its social justice conceptual framework, as perceived by its teacher candidates. The study included development of an electronic survey based on the ten learning outcomes of the unit’s conceptual framework, and testing the internal consistency reliability and the construct validity of the survey items. The survey was administered to teacher education candidates who rated their program’s effectiveness in fulfilling the unit’s vision of preparing educators that are informed and empowered, committed, and engaged with students and their communities. We analyzed data from teacher candidates at mid or end points in their programs over two academic years. Our results indicated that the survey was a valid and reliable instrument for collecting candidates’ feedback on program improvement. Candidates’ feedback showed differences among the three programs in their emphasis on the conceptual framework. Additionally, there were some learning outcomes that were rated low in both years by the candidates, implying that some outcomes are being more successfully emphasized in the programs than others. These results were important feedback for the teacher education unit to move along the path of self-reflection and continuous improvement.

teacher education effectiveness candidate surveys validity reliability

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