American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, 2(7), 436-440
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-7-1
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Acquisition of English Articles by Croatian Primary School Students in Early English Foreign Language Learning

Katica Balenovic1,

1Department of Teacher Studies in Gospic, Gospic University of Zadar, Croatia

Pub. Date: June 16, 2014

Cite this paper:
Katica Balenovic. Acquisition of English Articles by Croatian Primary School Students in Early English Foreign Language Learning. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(7):436-440. doi: 10.12691/education-2-7-1


This paper deals with an analysis of transcribed recordings of spontaneous classroom interaction in five classes of primary school students in early EFL learning in Croatia. The study was conducted within the framework of a large research project supported by the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports. The students involved in this study started learning English at the very beginning of their education. The recordings were made during three consecutive years when the students were at the end of grades one, two and three. Although the students’ overall language development showed clear progress, the development of the correct use of definite and indefinite articles remained highly variable. Progress was made in the sense that throughout the years the use of both types of article increased, but incorrect usage was still very frequent. The study shows a clear interdependence between lexis and grammar at the very beginning of English foreign language learning.

English articles classroom interaction early EFL learning

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