American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2021, 9(10), 612-620
DOI: 10.12691/education-9-10-2
Open AccessArticle

The Role of Assessment Practices in Fostering Higher Order Thinking Skills: The Case of Uganda Certificate of Education

John Mary Vianney Mitana1, , Mauro Giacomazzi1 and Mónica Fontana Abad1

1Department of Education, Luigi Giussani Institute of Higher Education, Kampala, Uganda

Pub. Date: October 09, 2021

Cite this paper:
John Mary Vianney Mitana, Mauro Giacomazzi and Mónica Fontana Abad. The Role of Assessment Practices in Fostering Higher Order Thinking Skills: The Case of Uganda Certificate of Education. American Journal of Educational Research. 2021; 9(10):612-620. doi: 10.12691/education-9-10-2

Abstract

The need to nurture learners’ thinking skills both in Uganda and internationally has become a focus of education. This is apparent as studies consistently show the significance of thinking skills for learners both in school and later in life. The intent of this paper is to explore the role of assessment practices and teaching methods in Uganda in fostering higher order thinking skills. The study used a descriptive analytical research method to analyse the underlying mechanisms of national examinations and how they relate to teaching and learning. Data sources and analysis included official documents from the Ministry of Education and Sports, and Government of Uganda as well as academic literature about assessment and examinations. Analysing the current assessment and examinations at the Uganda Certificate of Education (UCE) level, we argue that these assessments and examinations can be one of the ways to compel teachers refocus their pedagogical practices towards learners’ thinking skills. We, however, also acknowledge that this approach can only be successful if teachers possess the technical capabilities to nurture these skills. We also highlight the significant role of a school environment that fosters a culture which encourages and rewards learners for asking questions, challenging colleagues and teachers’ points of view without fear of being punished or reprimanded for challenging authority.

Keywords:
assessment student evaluation examinations secondary schools higher order thinking skills Uganda

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