American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 416-419
DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-8
Open AccessArticle

Enhancing Teachers’ Pedagogical Practice in Mathematics Through 5E Model Focused Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) on Learning Action Cell (LAC) Session

Emigdio J. Cartilla1, and Janneth Q. Rondina1

1University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines, Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines

Pub. Date: June 15, 2020

Cite this paper:
Emigdio J. Cartilla and Janneth Q. Rondina. Enhancing Teachers’ Pedagogical Practice in Mathematics Through 5E Model Focused Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) on Learning Action Cell (LAC) Session. American Journal of Educational Research. 2020; 8(6):416-419. doi: 10.12691/education-8-6-8


The performance of the learners in Mathematics is a perennial problem in the academe would it be basic or higher education. The Department of Education is continuously investing and provides training to teachers for the improvement of the achievement level of the students. In particular, 5E Model focused on Inquiry-based Learning was introduced through Learning Action Cell (LAC) sessions to the teachers from Grade 1 to 12. The characteristics of the teachers in lesson planning and delivery of lesson was also measured. The grades of the students in second grading was used as baseline of the intervention. The LAC sessions were conducted within ten Fridays. The educational background of the teachers was also determined and the effectiveness of the LAC session to the performance of the teacher. The findings revealed that teachers have outstanding performance in lesson planning and delivery of lessons. The majority of the teachers are Baccalaureate degree graduates. The results also showed that teachers strongly agree that LAC sessions help improve their teaching performance. Furthermore, it findings showed that there was a significant increase of grades of the students in the third grading. It also showed that educational background and the conduct of LAC session have of no significant relation to students’ achievement, while teachers’ performance has significant relation. It is concluded that teachers’ performance has significant relation to students’ achievement. It is recommended to encourage teachers to pursue post graduate studies, continue the application of 5E model in teaching and the conduct of the LAC session should be done regularly for the entire school year with well-organized LAC session plan.

5E Model LAC session inquiry-based learning lesson planning

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Saritas, T. & Akdemir, O. (2009). Identifying Factors Affecting the Mathematics Achievement of Students for Better Instructional Design. Retrieved on September 16, 2018.
[2]  Andaya, O. F. (2014). Factors that affect mathematics achievements of students of Philippine Normal University - Isabela Campus. Philippine Normal University. North Luzon, Alicia, Isabela, Philippines.
[3]  Department Order No. 72, s. (2011). Intensive Supervisory Support to Elementary and Secondary Schools to Raise Their Achievement Rate in the National Achievement Test (NAT).
[4]  SEAMEO INNOTECH (2016). Nurturing and Creative Thinkers through Inquiry-Based Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Care and Education.
[5]  Iheanachor, O. U. (2012). The Influence of Teachers’ Background, Professional Development and Teaching Practices on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics in Lesotho: University of South Africa.
[6]  HakiElimu, (2013). Joint Civil Society Statement on Government’s decision to nullify 2012 Form IV result: HakiElimu.
[7]  Department Order No. 35, s. (2016). The Learning Action Cell (LAC) As A K to 12 Basic Education Program School-Based Continuing Professional Development Strategy for the Improvement of Teaching and Learning.
[8]  Master in Education (2019). Personal Benefits of Earning a Master in Education. Retrieved from:
[9]  The Head Foundation UP (2019). Using Learning Action Cells to Improve Science Teacher-Learning in the Philippines. Retrieved from cells-to-improve-teacher-learning-university-of-the-philippines/ on December 20, 2019.
[10]  Cantrell, S. and Kane, T.J. (2013). Ensuring Fair and Reliable Measures of Effective Teaching: Culminating Findings from the MET Project’s Three-Year Study, Seattle, Wash.: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Policy and Practice Brief, Measures of Effective Teaching project.
[11]  Suarez, M. S. R. (2017). The Effectiveness of Cluster Learning Action Cell (CLAC) Science on Improving Teaching-Learning Process. Department of Education, Division of Marinduque. An Action Research Funded Through Basic Education Research Fund (BERF).