American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(11), 888-892
DOI: 10.12691/education-7-11-20
Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Students Failure in Mathematical Problem Solving Based on Newman Procedure at Middle Secondary School 3 Aceh Tamiang District

Siti Rukmana Yus1, , Syafari2 and Ani Minarni3

1Siti Rukmana Yus, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia

2Syafari, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia

3Ani Minarni, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia

Pub. Date: November 28, 2019

Cite this paper:
Siti Rukmana Yus, Syafari and Ani Minarni. Analysis of Students Failure in Mathematical Problem Solving Based on Newman Procedure at Middle Secondary School 3 Aceh Tamiang District. American Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 7(11):888-892. doi: 10.12691/education-7-11-20

Abstract

This research aims to: 1) analyze the types of errors made in solving mathematical problems (MP) based on Newman's procedures by students taught through problem-based learning (PBL); 2) to find the cause of errors in completing the MP based on the Newman procedure after PBL implementation. The subjects in this study were students of class VII Middle Secondary School (MSS) MTsN 3 Aceh Tamiang. Subjects for the purpose of in-depth interviews consisted of six students from different mathematical ability: two students with high ability, two students with moderate ability, and two students with low ability. The object in this study is the completion error in the MPS of students who learning mathematics through PBL on the subject of 'algebraic form'. Based on the results of data analysis, the percentage of students' errors in completing MP was: (1) reading error: 10%; comprehension error: 23.33%; transformation error: 36.67%; process skill error: 43.33%; encoding error: 73.33%; (2) Specific types of failure made by students in solving math problems happened in: (1) changing questions into their own language, (2) representing problems in the form of mathematical equations, (3) doing calculations, (4) manipulating algebra problems, and (5) interpreting the solution of the problem.

Keywords:
types of in solving math problem based on the Newman procedure mathematical problem solving problem-based learning

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