American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(8), 537-541
DOI: 10.12691/education-7-8-2
Open AccessArticle

Factors Associated with Child Sexual Abuse in Vietnam: A Qualitative Study

Nguyen Hiep Thuong1, , Nguyen Thu Ha1, Pham Van Tu1 and Nguyen Thi Mai Huong1

1Faculty of Social Work, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam

Pub. Date: August 12, 2019

Cite this paper:
Nguyen Hiep Thuong, Nguyen Thu Ha, Pham Van Tu and Nguyen Thi Mai Huong. Factors Associated with Child Sexual Abuse in Vietnam: A Qualitative Study. American Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 7(8):537-541. doi: 10.12691/education-7-8-2

Abstract

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is one of the most widespread incidents which was reported over the world. This paper aims to explore perceptions of causes, forms, myths, context and perpetrators of CSA in Bac Kan, Vietnam. 15 in-depth interviews were conducted among adults including local authorities, parents, teachers, and neighbors of the victims to find out factors related to CSA and solutions to address this issue. Basing on that results, we suggest social work interventions and measures to prevent and tackle CSA.

Keywords:
child sexual abuse Vietnam social work children qualitative study

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Singh, M. M., Parsekar, S. S., & Nair, S. N. (2014). An Epidemiological Overview of Child Sexual Abuse. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 3(4), 430–435.
 
[2]  Ezekiel. M., I.H., M., F., K., R., M., A., A., & S.R., K. (2017). Factors associated with child sexual abuse in Tanzania: A qualitative study. Tanzania Journal of Health Research, 19(2), no pagination. Retrieved from https://www.ajol.info/index.php/thrb/article/download/149066/144 530%5Cnhttp://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=refer ence&D=emex&NEWS=N&AN=615584704.
 
[3]  Barth, J., Bermetz, L., Heim, E., Trelle, S., & Tonia, T. (2013). The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Public Health, 58(3), 469-483.
 
[4]  Yen, C.-F., Yang, M.-S., Yan, M.-J., Su, Y.-C., Wang, M.-H., & Lan, C.-M. (2008). Childhood physical and sexual abuse: Prevalence and correlates among adolescents living in rural Taiwan. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32.
 
[5]  Alzoubi, F. A., Ali, R. A., Flah, I. H., & Alnatour, A. (2018). Mothers’ knowledge & perception of child sexual abuse in Jordan. Child Abuse and Neglect, 75(June), 149-158.
 
[6]  Chen, J. Q., Dunne, M. P., & Han, P. (2004). Child sexual abuse in China: A study of adolescents in four provinces. Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 28, pp. 1171-1186.
 
[7]  Singh, A., Yiing, W. W., & Nurani, N. K. (1996). Prevalence of childhood sexual abuse among Malaysian paramedical students. Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 20, pp. 487-492.
 
[8]  Roberts, R., O’Connor, T., Dunn, J., & Golding, J. (2004). The effects of child sexual abuse in later family life; mental health, parenting and adjustment of offspring. Child Abuse and Neglect, 28(5), 525-545.
 
[9]  Kendall-Tackett, K. A., Meyer Williams, L., & Finkelhor, D. (1991). Impact of sexual abuse on children: A review and synthesis of recent empirical studies.‏ Psychological Bulletin, 1993‏, 113(1), 164-180.
 
[10]  Chen, J. Q., Dunne, M. P., & Han, P. (2006). Child sexual abuse in Henan province, China: associations with sadness, suicidality, and risk behaviors among adolescent girls. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 38, pp. 544-549.
 
[11]  Chen, J. Q., Dunne, M. P., & Han, P. (2007). Prevention of child sexual abuse in China: Knowledge, attitudes, and communication practices of parents of elementary school children. Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 31, pp. 747-755.
 
[12]  Gurung, L. B., & Bahattarai, S. (2015). Knowledge of Child Abuse Among Parents Of Under 5 Years Children In Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Vol. 1, pp. 9-13.
 
[13]  Samms, K. M., & Cholewa, B. E. (2014). Exploring the Context of Child Sexual Abuse in Jamaica: Addressing the Deficits. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2(23), 115-127.
 
[14]  Chitereka, C. (2010). Child Sexual Abuse in Zimbabwe. Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, 20(1), 29-40.
 
[15]  Veenema, T. G., Thornton, C. P., & Corley, A. (2015). The public health crisis of child sexual abuse in low and middle-income countries: An integrative review of the literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 52(4), 864-881.
 
[16]  Kassim, K., & Kasim, M. S. (1995). Child sexual abuse: Psychosocial aspects of 101 cases seen in an urban Malaysian setting. Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 19, pp. 793-799.
 
[17]  Craissati, J., McClurg, G., & Browne, K. (2002). Characteristics of Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse Who Have Been Sexually Victimized as Children. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment Can, 14(3), 225-239.
 
[18]  Segal, U. A. (1992). Child abuse in India: An empirical report on perceptions. Child Abuse and Neglect, 16(6), 887-908.
 
[19]  Abeid, M., Muganyizi, P., Massawe, S., Mpembeni, R., Darj, E., & Axemo, P. (2015). Knowledge and attitude towards rape and child sexual abuse - A community-based cross-sectional study in Rural Tanzania Health behavior, health promotion and society. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1-12.
 
[20]  Sanjeevi, J., Houlihan, D., Bergstrom, K. A., Langley, M. M., & Judkins, J. (2018). A Review of Child Sexual Abuse: Impact, Risk, and Resilience in the Context of Culture. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse.
 
[21]  Pereda, N., Guilera, G., Forns, M., & Gómez-Benito, J. (2009). The prevalence of child sexual abuse in community and student samples: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(4), 328-338.