American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/education Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(7), 499-508
DOI: 10.12691/education-7-7-10
Open AccessReview Article

School Health Program in Nigeria: A Review of Its Implementation for Policy Improvement

Oluyinka Dania1 and Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo2,

1Department of Community Medicine, PMB 5116, University College Hospital, Ibadan

2Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, P.O. Box 1517, UI Post Office, University of Ibadan, Ibadan

Pub. Date: July 14, 2019

Cite this paper:
Oluyinka Dania and Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo. School Health Program in Nigeria: A Review of Its Implementation for Policy Improvement. American Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 7(7):499-508. doi: 10.12691/education-7-7-10

Abstract

Background: The School Health Program (SHP) contributes to overall goals and purposes of health and education of the school-age children who constitute about 23% of Nigerian population. Its effective implementation is enhanced by school health policy which provides the standards/guidelines for its practices and procedures. The National School Health Policy (NSHPo) in Nigeria was adopted in 2006 to achieve these purposes. Several studies had reviewed different components of the program in different aspectsparts of the country with varying findings but no countrywide report exists. It is essential to ascertain the present state of the SHP implementation in Nigeria by pooling available relevant studies for evidence-based decision making. The purpose of this review paper is to synthesize available information on implementation of the program across Nigeria for the purpose of policy review and program improvement. Methods: A comprehensive review of relevant literature was done to identify the implementation of the SHP across the country. Relevant implementation drivers were also reviewed. Results: The implementation of SHP across the country was sub-optimal. Conclusion: The SHP in Nigeria has largely remained at policy level with minimal implementation. Recommendation: There is a need to re-establish or strengthen the program in the country. There is also a need to review and redefine stakeholders’ participation for effective coordination. This may call for policy review and/or change.

Keywords:
school health program school health policy school health service healthful school environment Nigeria

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