Chemical Engineering and Science
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Chemical Engineering and Science. 2013, 1(1), 12-16
DOI: 10.12691/ces-1-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Coupling Microwave-Assisted Drying and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction for Coconut Oil Processing

Armando T. Quitain1, , Takashi Moriyoshi2 and Motonobu Goto3

1Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan

2Research Center for Industrial Science and Technology (RIST Kagawa), Kagawa, Japan

3Department of Chemical Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

Pub. Date: February 28, 2013

Cite this paper:
Armando T. Quitain, Takashi Moriyoshi and Motonobu Goto. Coupling Microwave-Assisted Drying and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction for Coconut Oil Processing. Chemical Engineering and Science. 2013; 1(1):12-16. doi: 10.12691/ces-1-1-3

Abstract

Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction was applied to the processing of virgin coconut oil (VCNO), which has been known to possess several functions such as antimicrobial properties as proven by many medical doctors and clinical researchers. Prior to extraction, the sample was dried using microwave-assisted low-temperature air drying method. Using these techniques, an oil recovery of 95% was obtained at 40°C and 20MPa at a processing time of less than 20h. This is more efficient than the conventional cold-press method which has a normal oil recovery of about 30 to 50 % at a longer processing time of 48 to 72h. The obtained oil has physical and chemical properties that are almost identical to or better than the commercial VCNO, thus deemed to possess the same antimicrobial and nutritional properties. The effects of extraction conditions were also investigated for optimization analyses.

Keywords:
supercritical carbon dioxide extraction natural product microwave virgin coconut oil

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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