Biomedical Science and Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2373-1257 ISSN (Online): 2373-1265 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/bse Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Biomedical Science and Engineering. 2014, 2(2), 42-47
DOI: 10.12691/bse-2-2-3
Open AccessReview Article

The Promising Future in Medicine: Nanorobots

Apoorva Manjunath1 and Vijay Kishore1,

1Department of Biotechnology, Sapthagiri College of Engineering, Bangalore, India

Pub. Date: May 25, 2014

Cite this paper:
Apoorva Manjunath and Vijay Kishore. The Promising Future in Medicine: Nanorobots. Biomedical Science and Engineering. 2014; 2(2):42-47. doi: 10.12691/bse-2-2-3

Abstract

Nanorobotics is an emerging field of nanotechnology which deals with design and construction of devices at an atomic, molecular or cellular level. These hypothetical nanorobots will be extremely small and would transverse inside the human blood. As these nanorobots would have special sensors to detect the target molecules, it can be programmed to diagnosis and treat various vital diseases. The nanorobots such as respirocytes, microbivores and clottocytes are been designed to act as artificial substitutes of blood. The respirocytes are intend designed to mimic all the important functions of red blood cells and also used in treatment of anaemia, heart attack, lung diseases etc where as the clottocyte mimics the natural process of hemostasis and microbivore follows the process of phagocytosis to destroy the blood borne pathogens. This paper will look at how the recent advancements in nanorobotics that have led to the designing and development of these nanorobots which will act as the most efficient blood substitutes.

Keywords:
nanorobots respirocytes clottocytes microbivores blood substitutes

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 4

References:

[1]  NSTC, "National Nanotechnology Initiative: Leading to the Next Industrial Revolution" A Report by the Interagency Working Group on Nanoscience", Engineering and Technology Committee on Technology, National Science and Technology Council, Washington, D.C, 2000.
 
[2]  Ummat, A., Dubey, A., and C. Mavroidis, “Bio-Nanorobotics — A Field Inspired by Nature” in Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies, CRC Press, 201-226, 2005.
 
[3]  Uriarte, S. L., “Nanorobots [online] Technical report Escuela Superior De Ingenieros De Bilbao, Bilboko Ingeniarien Goi Eskola, Universidad Del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibersitatea. 2011, http://nano-bio.ehu.es/files/nanorobots_work.pdf
 
[4]  Drexler, E. K., “Engines of Creation 2.0: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology”, 20th anniversary ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006.
 
[5]  Robert, A. F. J., “Exploratory design in medical nanotechnology: A mechanical artificial red cell.” Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology, 26: 411-430, 1998.
 
[6]  Robert, A. F. J., “Microbivores: Artificial Mechanical Phagocytes using Digest and Discharge Protocol”, Journal of Evolution and Technology, 14: 1-52, 2005.
 
[7]  Robert, A. F. J., “Clottocytes: Artificial Mechanical Platelets [online] IMM Report Number 18: Nanomedicine, 2011, http://www.imm.org/publications/reports/rep018/
 
[8]  Boonrong, P., and B., Kaewkamnerdpong, “Canonical PSO based Nanorobot Control for Blood Vessel Repair”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 5: 428-433, 2011.
 
[9]  Abeer, S., “Future Medicine: Nanomedicine”, Journal of International Medical Science Academy, 25 (3): 187-192, 2012.
 
[10]  Robert, A. F. J., Nanomedicine, Volume I: Basic Capabilities, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 1999.
 
[11]  Robert, A. F. J., Nanomedicine, Volume IIA: Biocompatibility, Landes Bioscience, Georgetown, TX, 2003.
 
[12]  Robert, A. F. J., “The Ideal Gene Delivery Vector: Chromallocytes, Cell Repair Nanorobots for Chromosome Replacement Therapy”, Journal of Evolution and Technology, 16 (1): 1-97, 2007.
 
[13]  Kharwade, M., M., Nijhawan, and S., Modani, “Nanorobots: A Future Medical Device in Diagnosis and Treatment”, Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 4 (2): 1299-1307, 2013.
 
[14]  Sujatha, V., M., Suresh, and Mahalaxmi, “Nanorobotics - a futuristic approach”, Indian journal of Dentistry, 1(1):86-90, 2010.
 
[15]  Mishra, J., A. K., Dash, and R., Kumar, “Nanotechnology Challenges: Nanomedicine: Nanorobots”, Journal of Pharmaceuticals, 2 (4): 112-119, 2012.
 
[16]  Venkatesan, M., and B., Jolad, “Nanorobots in cancer treatment” Emerging Trends in Robotics and Communication Technologies (INTERACT), International Conference, IEEE, 258-264, 2010.
 
[17]  Merina, R. M., “Use of nanorobots in heart transplantation”, Emerging Trends in Robotics and Communication Technologies (INTERACT), International Conference, IEEE, 265-268, 2010.
 
[18]  Sharma, N. N, and R. K., Mittal, “Nanorobot movement: challenges and biologically inspired solutions” International journal on smart sensing and intelligent systems, 1 (1): 88-109, 2008.
 
[19]  Robert, A. F. J., “Current Status of Nanomedicine and Medical Nanorobotics”, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 2: 1-25, 2005.
 
[20]  Robert, A. F. J., “Medical Nanorobotics: The Long-Term Goal for Nanomedicine”. in Mark J. Schulz, Vesselin N. Shanov, eds., Nanomedicine Design of Particles, Sensors, Motors, Implants, Robots, and Devices, Artech House, Norwood MA, 367-392, 2009.
 
[21]  Jaiswal, A., H., Thakar, B., Atanukumar, T., Krunali, and D. B., Meshram, “Nanotechnology revolution: respirocytes and its application in life sciences” Innovare journal of life sciences, 1 (1): 8-13, 2013.
 
[22]  Wilner, M.E., Bio-Inspired and Nanoscale Integrated Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
 
[23]  Kannan T. T. M., A. Hussain Lal, M. Ganesan, and R. Baskaran, “Study and Overview About Molecular Manufacturing System” International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research 2 (1): 193-201, 2013.
 
[24]  Bhat A.S., “Nanobots: The Future of Medicine” International Journal of Management and Engineering Sciences, 5 (1): 44-49, 2014.
 
[25]  Abhilash M., “Nanorobots”, International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 1 (1): 1-10, 2010.
 
[26]  Nandkishor K., P. Swapnil, K. Rajeshwar, W.Anita, and B. Anil, “Review on Application of Nanorobots in Health Care” World Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmaceutical Sciences 3 (5): 472-480, 2014.