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Article

Ethno-botanical Survey of Traditional Medicine Practice for the Treatment of Cough, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Dysentery and Fever of Santals at Abdullahpur Village under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh

1Plant Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 27-30
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-6
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman. Ethno-botanical Survey of Traditional Medicine Practice for the Treatment of Cough, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Dysentery and Fever of Santals at Abdullahpur Village under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh. Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):27-30. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-6.

Correspondence to: A.H.M.  Mahbubur Rahman, Plant Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Email: ahmmahbubur_rahman@yahoo.com

Abstract

A comprehensive survey with the aim of documenting traditional medicinal practices was carried out during October 2012 to November 2013 of Santals at Abdullahpur Village under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh. This article focuses on the treatment of cough, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery and fever. In the present medico-botanical survey, a total of 36 plant species under 36 genera and 25 families were collected and recorded for their use in various ailments. Habit analysis shows that herbs, shrubs, climbers and trees are represented by 13, 5, 4 and 14 species, respectively. For each species scientific name, local name, family, habit, mode of uses and part(s) used are provided.

Keywords

References

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[[1]  Ahmed, Z. U., Begum, Z. N., Hassan, M.A., Khondker, M., Kabir, S. M. H., Ahmad, M., Ahmed, A. T. A., Rahman, A.K.A., Haque, E. U. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh. Angiosperms; Dicotyledons. Vols. 6-12. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Dhaka. 2007-2009.
 
[[2]  Alam, M. K. Medical ethno-botany of the Marma tribe of Bangladesh. Economic Botany, 46(3): 330-335. 1992.
 
[[3]  Anisuzzamam, M., Rahman, A. H. M.M., Harun-Or-Rashid, M., Zaman, A. T. M. N., Islam, A. K. M. R. An Ethnobotanical Study of Madhupur, Tangail. Jour. App. Sci. Res. 3(7): 519-530. 2007.
 
[[4]  Alexiades, M. N. (Ed). Selected Guidelines for Ethno Botanical Research: A Field Manual. The New York Botanical Garden, New York. 1996.
 
[[5]  BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh, 23rd edition, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning Government of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1991. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
 
Show More References
[6]  Ghani, A. Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 1998.
 
[7]  Hooker, J.D. Flora of British India, Vols. 1-7. Reeve and Co. Ltd., London. 1961.
 
[8]  Jain, S. K. Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany. Deep Publication, New Delhi, India. 1991.
 
[9]  Jain, S. K. Glimpses of Indian Ethnobotany. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi, India. 1996.
 
[10]  Kirtikar, K. R., Basu, B. D. Indian Medicinal Plants, Vols. 1-5. Bishen Singh Mahendra pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 1982.
 
[11]  Khan, M.S. Prospects of Ethnobotany and Ethnobotanical Research in Bangladesh. In: Banik RL, Alam MK, Pei SJ, Rastogi A (eds.), Applied Ethnobotany, BFRI, Chittagong, Bangladesh, pp 24-27. 1998.
 
[12]  Prain, D. Bengal Plants, Vols. 1-2, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. 1963.
 
[13]  Rahman, A. H. M.M., Anisuzzaman, M., Haider, S.A., Ahmed, F., Islam, A. K. M. R., Naderuzzaman, A. T. M. Study of Medicinal Plants in the Graveyards of Rajshahi City. Res. J. Agri. Bio. Sci. 4(1): 70-74. 2008.
 
[14]  Rahman, A. H. M.M., Kabi,r E. Z. M. F., Sima, S. N., Sultana, R. S., Nasiruddin, M., Zaman, A. T. M. N. Study of an Ethnobotany at the Village Dohanagar, Naogaon. J. App. Sci. Res. 6(9): 1466-1473. 2010.
 
[15]  Rahman, A. H. M.M., Gulsan, J. E., Alam, M.S., Ahmad, S., Naderuzzaman, A. T. M., Islam, A. K. M. R. An Ethnobotanical Portrait of a Village: Koikuri, Dinajpur with Reference to Medicinal Plants. Int. J. Biosci. 2(7), 1-10. 2012.
 
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[18]  Rahman, A. H. M.M. Ethno-medico-botanical investigation on cucurbits of the Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 1(3): 118-125. 2013.
 
[19]  Rahman, A. H. M.M. Ethno-medicinal investigation on ethnic community in the northern region of Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences. 1(2): 77-81. 2013.
 
[20]  Rahman, A. H. M. M, Graveyards angiosperm diversity of Rajshahi city, Bangladesh with emphasis on medicinal plants. American Journal of Life Sciences. 1 (3): 98-104. 2013.
 
[21]  Rahman A H M M, Saika Kabir Nitu, Zannatul Ferdows and A K M Rafiul Islam. 2013. Medico-botany on herbaceous plants of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences. 1(3): 136-144.
 
[22]  Rahman, A. H. M.M., Sultana, N., Islam, A. K. M. R., Zaman, A. T. M. N. Study of Medical Ethno-botany of traditional medicinal plants used by local people at the village Genda under Savar Upazilla of district Dhaka, Bangladesh. Online International Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2(1): 18-31. 2013.
 
[23]  Rahman, A. H. M.M., Khanom, A. Taxonomic and Ethno-Medicinal Study of Species from Moraceae (Mulberry) Family in Bangladesh Flora. Research in Plant Sciences. 1(3): 53-57. 2013.
 
[24]  Rahman, A. H. M.M. Assessment of Angiosperm Weeds of Rajshahi, Bangladesh with emphasis on medicinal plants. Research in Plant Sciences. 1(3): 62-67. 2013.
 
[25]  Rahman, A, H, M, M, Kabir, E. Z. M. F., Islam, A. K. M. R., Zaman, A. T. M. N. Medico-botanical investigation by the tribal people of Naogaon district, Bangladesh. J. Med. Plants Studies. 1(4): 136-147. 2013.
 
[26]  Rahman, A. H. M.M. Medico-botanical study of commonly used angiosperm weeds of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. Wudpecker J. Med. Plants. 2(3): 44-52. 2013.
 
[27]  Sajib, N. H., Uddin, S. B. Medico-botanical studies of Sandip Island in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 20(1): 39-49. 2013.
 
[28]  Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. N., Choudhury, J. U. Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and Enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh. 2009.
 
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Article

Antimicrobial Activity of Chemical Compounds from in vivo Roots and in vitro Callus of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal

1Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Nepal


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 21-26
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-5
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Suraj Raj Adhikari, Bijaya Pant, Kusum Pokhrel. Antimicrobial Activity of Chemical Compounds from in vivo Roots and in vitro Callus of Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal. Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):21-26. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-5.

Correspondence to: Suraj  Raj Adhikari, Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. Email: adhikarisr@gmail.com

Abstract

Withania somnifera is an important medicinal plant and a major source of alkaloids and steroids. Large callus was obtained from stem explants in MS medium with additives of 0.5 mgL1 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP) + 1.5 mgL-1 α-Napthalene acetic acid (NAA). In phytochemical screening of in vivo and in vitro materials of W. somnifera; reducing compounds, cardiac glycosides, basic alkaloids, carotenoids, volatile oils and saponins were detected. Phytochemical compounds found in callus of W. somnifera stopped the growth of bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris and Klebsicela pneumonia more effectively than the compounds found in its natural root. Whereas active phytochemical compound found in natural root was more effective to stop the growth of bacteria Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhimurium. From this study it can be predicted that specific compounds which is not found in roots of naturally growing plants plant be found in the callus of W. somnifera.

Keywords

References

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Article

Traditional Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Different Skin Diseases of Santals at Abdullahpur Village under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh

1Rajshahi University, Bangladesh


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 17-20
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-4
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman. Traditional Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Different Skin Diseases of Santals at Abdullahpur Village under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat District, Bangladesh. Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):17-20. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-4.

Correspondence to: A.H.M.  Mahbubur Rahman, Rajshahi University, Bangladesh. Email: ahmmahbubur_rahman@yahoo.com

Abstract

A survey on ethno-medicinal plants used in the treatment of skin diseases in the village Abdullahpur under Akkelpur Upazilla of Joypurhat district, Bangladesh has been conducted during November 2012 to October 2013. The information on the utilization of the medicinal plants for above purpose was collected on the basis of personal interviews with traditional healers/herbalists/kabiraj. The investigation revealed that 41 medicinal plants belonging to 25 families and 41 genera are used in the treatment of skin disease in Joypurhat district, Bangladesh.

Keywords

References

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[[1]  Ahmed, Z.U., Begum, Z.N., Hassan, M.A., Khondker, M., Kabir, S.M.H., Ahmad, M., Ahmed, A.T.A., Rahman, A.K.A., Haque, E.U. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh. Angiosperms; Dicotyledons. Vols. 6-12. Asiat. Soc. Bangladesh, Dhaka. 2007-2009.
 
[[2]  Alam, M.K. Medical ethno-botany of the Marma tribe of Bangladesh. Economic Botany, 46(3): 330-335. 1992.
 
[[3]  Anisuzzamam, M., Rahman, A.H.M.M., Harun-Or-Rashid, M., Zaman, A.T.M.N., Islam, A.K.M.R. An Ethnobotanical Study of Madhupur, Tangail. Jour. App. Sci. Res. 3(7): 519-530. 2007.
 
[[4]  BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh, 23rd edition, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Planning Division, Ministry of Planning Government of Peoples Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1991. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
 
[[5]  Chopra, R.N., Nayar, S.L., Chopra, I.C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, CSIR, New Delhi. 1956.
 
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[6]  Ghani, A. Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. 1998.
 
[7]  Hassan, M.A., Khan, M.S. Ethnobotanical records in Bangladesh-2, Plants used for healing cuts and wounds. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 3(2): 49-52. 1996.
 
[8]  Hooker, J.D. Flora of British India, Vols. 1-7. Reeve and Co. Ltd., London. 1961.
 
[9]  Jain, S.K. Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany. Deep Publication, New Delhi, India. 1991.
 
[10]  Jain, S.K., Rao, R.R. Field and Herbarium methods. Today and Tomorrow Publishers, New Delhi. 1977.
 
[11]  Khan, M.S. Prospects of Ethnobotany and Ethnobotanical Research in Bangladesh. In: Banik RL, Alam MK, Pei SJ, Rastogi A (eds.), Applied Ethnobotany, BFRI, Chittagong, Bangladesh, pp 24-27. 1988.
 
[12]  Khan, M.S., Huq, A.M. Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1975.
 
[13]  Kirtikar, K.R., Basu, B.D. Indian Medicinal Plants, Vols. 1-5. Bishen Singh Mahendra pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India. 1982.
 
[14]  Prain, D. Bengal Plants, Vols. 1-2, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. 1963.
 
[15]  Rahman, A.H.M.M. Medico-botanical study of commonly used angiosperm weeds of Rajshahi district, Bangladesh. Wudpecker J. Med. Plants. 2(3): 44-52. 2013.
 
[16]  Rahman, A.H.M.M, E.Z.M.F. Kabir, Islam, A.K.M.R., Zaman, A.T.M.N. Medico-botanical investigation by the tribal people of Naogaon district, Bangladesh. J. Med. Plants Studies. 1(4): 136-147. 2013.
 
[17]  Rahman, A.H.M.M., Gulsan, J,E., Alam, M.S., Ahmad, S., Naderuzzaman, A.T.M., Islam A.K.M.R. An Ethnobotanical Portrait of a Village: Koikuri, Dinajpur with Reference to Medicinal Plants. Int. J. Biosci. 2(7): 1-10. 2012.
 
[18]  Rahman, A.H.M.M., Kabir, E.Z.M.F., Sima, S.N., Sultana, R.S., Nasiruddin, M., Zaman A.T.M.N. Study of an Ethnobotany at the Village Dohanagar, Naogaon. J. App. Sci. Res. 6(9): 1466-1473. 2010.
 
[19]  Rahman, A.H.M.M., Anisuzzaman, M., Haider, S.A., Ahmed, F., Islam, A.K.M.R., Naderuzzaman, A.T.M. Study of Medicinal Plants in the Graveyards of Rajshahi City. Res. J. Agri. Bio. Sci. 4(1): 70-74. 2008.
 
[20]  Sajib, N.H., Uddin, S.B. Medico-botanical studies of Sandip Island in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 20(1): 39-49. 2013.
 
[21]  Uddin, M.Z., Hassan, M.A., Sultana, M. Ethno-botanical survey of medicinal plants in Phulbari Upazilla of Dinajpur District, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 12(1): 63-68. 2006.
 
[22]  Uddin, M.Z., Khan, M.S., Hassan, M.A. Ethno medical plants records of Kalenga forest range (Habiganj), Bangladesh for malaria, jaundice, diarrhea and dysentery. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 8(1): 101-104. 2001.
 
[23]  Uddin, S.N., Uddin, M.Z., Hassan, M.A., Rahman, M.M. Preliminary ethno-medicinal plant survey in Khagrachari district, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 11(2): 39-48. 2004.
 
[24]  Yadav, M., Yhan, K.K., Beg, M.Z. Ethno-botanical plants used for curing skin diseases by tribals of rewa district (Madhaya Prodesh) Indian J. L. Sci. 2(1): 123-126. 2012.
 
[25]  Yusuf, M., Begum, J., Hoque, M. N., Choudhury, J. U. Medicinal plants of Bangladesh-Revised and Enlarged. Bangladesh Coun. Sci. Ind. Res. Lab. Chittagong, Bangladesh. 2009.
 
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Article

Evaluation of the Activity of Crude Alkaloids Extracts of Zingiber officinale Roscoe., Thymus vulgaris L. and Acacia arabica L. as Coagulant Agent in Lab Mice

1Department of Biology, College of Science, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq

2College of Pharmacy, Al-Mustansyria University, baghdad, Iraq

3Biotechnology research center, Al.Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 11-16
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-3
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
AyyadWajeeh Raaof, Zahraa Abdul-Elah Al-Naqqash, Abdul-Latif M. Jawad, Salah M. Muhsan. Evaluation of the Activity of Crude Alkaloids Extracts of Zingiber officinale Roscoe., Thymus vulgaris L. and Acacia arabica L. as Coagulant Agent in Lab Mice. Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):11-16. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-3.

Correspondence to: AyyadWajeeh  Raaof, Department of Biology, College of Science, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq. Email: ayyadalshahwany@yahoo.com

Abstract

As Alkaloids known for their pharmaceutical importance; this research included the extraction of crude alkaloids of three plants (Zingiberofficinale Roscoe, Thymus vulgaris L. and Acaciaarabica L.) and evaluate their activity as coagulant agent by using three degraded concentrations of each plant extract and tested them on lab mice through the observation of the variations in bleeding time(BT), clotting time(CT), platelet, red blood cells(RBC), packed cell volume(PCV), white blood cells (WBC) and hemoglobin counts(Hb) with Calcium count (Ca) in blood. The results revealed differences in the percentage of alkaloids in the plants under the study; Zingiber was the higher one followed by Thymus and Acacia respectively.Zingiberwas also the most effective plant as coagulant factor than other two plants as it decreased both BT and CT and increased platelets, RBC, PCV, WBC and Ca count. more than what T. vulgaris and A. arabica affected on blood characters mentioned before.

Keywords

References

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Article

A Newer Approach to Assessing a Researcher’s Scientific Impact: Ramana’s Researcher Index (r-Index)

1Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Andhrapradesh, India

2Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Andhrapradesh, India


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 9-10
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-2
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
K V Ramana, Sabitha Kandi. A Newer Approach to Assessing a Researcher’s Scientific Impact: Ramana’s Researcher Index (r-Index). Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):9-10. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-2.

Correspondence to: K  V Ramana, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Andhrapradesh, India. Email: ramana_20021@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Measuring the quality of scientist/researchers is necessary during university/research appointments and increments to evaluate their professional career. Such evaluation of the individuals scientific output was determined based on the Impact factor of journals in which one publishes his/her research work. With many journals not being indexed for Thompson Reuters, ISI index for impact factor (IF), and with the emergence of open access publications, it becomes imperative that there be a method to assess an individual’s research contribution/impact to the scientific world. There are only few such evaluation methods available having some limitations.

Keywords

References

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Article

A Model Considering Secondary Particles Contribution in RBE of Primary Bremsstrahlung

1Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia


Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013, 1(2), 6-8
DOI: 10.12691/bb-1-2-1
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Alexandr V. Belousov, Alexandr P. Chernyaev, Alexey S. Osipov. A Model Considering Secondary Particles Contribution in RBE of Primary Bremsstrahlung. Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2013; 1(2):6-8. doi: 10.12691/bb-1-2-1.

Correspondence to: Alexandr V. Belousov, Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia. Email: BelousovAV@physics.msu.ru

Abstract

Passage of ionizing radiation through biological matter, for example during beam therapy, is followed by the production of secondary particles, which change the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of the beam. The absorbed dose is represented by the sum of two components: the dose delivered by photons and secondary e+ and e- and the dose from heavy charged particles. Therefore, in order to assess the overall biological effectiveness of the beam, it is necessary to consider RBE of all kinds of induced radiation. In this work a model theoretically describing the biological effectiveness of various types of ionizing radiation depending on their energies is proposed. A method for estimating the relative biological effectiveness taking into account the contribution of photonuclear reactions with the energy ranging from a threshold of photonuclear reactions on light elements (Z<10) to 50MeV is developed. The results obtained are compared to the experimental and calculated data of the other authors.

Keywords

References

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