Applied Mathematics and Physics
ISSN (Print): 2333-4878 ISSN (Online): 2333-4886 Website: Editor-in-chief: Vishwa Nath Maurya
Open Access
Journal Browser
Applied Mathematics and Physics. 2014, 2(3), 112-118
DOI: 10.12691/amp-2-3-7
Open AccessResearch Article

Massive Electrodynamic Gravity

Lukasz Andrzej Glinka1,

1B.M. Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad, India

Pub. Date: June 09, 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards New Cosmology from Quantum Gravity & Particle Physics)

Cite this paper:
Lukasz Andrzej Glinka. Massive Electrodynamic Gravity. Applied Mathematics and Physics. 2014; 2(3):112-118. doi: 10.12691/amp-2-3-7


In this paper, an effcient combination of the diverse theoretical approaches, such like the Einstein gravitational waves, the Lifshitz cosmological perturbation theory, the Veltman perturbative quantum gravity, and the Maxwell electrodynamics, leads to an essentially new discussion of either massless and massive gravitons. The new force law of gravitation is established. The case of the Planckian particle is considered in the context of the Markov hypothesis.

graviton mass Maxwell electrodynamics perturbative quantum gravity gauge field theories cosmological perturbation the- ory gravitational waves massless graviton massive graviton Planck- ian particle Markov hypothesis law of gravitation

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  A. Einstein, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1, 688 (1916).
[2]  A. Einstein, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1, 154 (1918).
[3]  S. Weinberg, Gravitation and Cosmology. Principles and Applications of the General Theory of Relativity (John Wiley & Sons, 1972).
[4]  S. Carroll, Space-time and Geometry. An Introduction to General Rela- tivity (Addison-Wesley, 2004).
[5]  L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields. Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 2 (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1994).
[6]  J.D.E. Craighton and W.G. Anderson, Gravitational-Wave Physics and Astronomy: An Introduction to Theory, Experiment and Data Analysis (Wiley-VCH, 2011).
[7]  P. Jaranowski and A. Kr′olak, Analysis of Gravitational-Wave Data (Cambridge University Press, 2009).
[8]  M. Maggiore, Gravitational Waves. Volume 1 Theory and Experiments (Oxford University Press, 2007).
[9]  V.F. Mukhanov, Massive Gravity, talkat Quantum Theory and Gravita- tion, Eidgen¨ossische Technische Hochschule, Zurich,¨ Switzerland, June 14-24, 2011.
[10]  E.M. Lifshitz, J. Phys. (USSR) 10, 116 (1946).
[11]  E. Bertschinger, Cosmological Dynamics, in Cosmology and Large Scale Structure. Les Houches Summer School, Session LX, ed. by R.Schaeer, J. Silk, M. Spiro, and J. Zinn-Justin, (Elsevier, 1996), pp. 273-347.
[12]  M.J.G. Veltman, Quantum Theory of Gravitation, in Methods in Field Theory. Les Houches, Session XXVIII, ed. by R. Balian and J. Zinn- Justin (North Holland, 1976), pp. 265-328.
[13]  M.A. Markov, Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. E65, 85 (1965).
[14]  M.A. Markov, Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 584 (1967).
[15]  L.A. Glinka, AEthereal Multiverse: A New Unifying Theoretical Approach to Cosmology, Particle Physics, and Quantum Gravity (Cambridge In- ternational Science Publishing, 2012).