American Journal of Zoological Research
ISSN (Print): 2373-678X ISSN (Online): 2373-6771 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajzr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Zoological Research. 2017, 5(2), 33-37
DOI: 10.12691/ajzr-5-2-3
Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Moringa Oleifera on the Growth Performance, Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Laying Capacity Of Young Growing Quails

Ufele Angela Nwogor1, and Ebenebe Cordelia Ifeyinwa2

1Zoology Department, Faculty of Biosciences Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State Nigeria

2Animal Science Department Faculty of Agriculture Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State Nigeria

Pub. Date: August 03, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ufele Angela Nwogor and Ebenebe Cordelia Ifeyinwa. The Effect of Moringa Oleifera on the Growth Performance, Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Laying Capacity Of Young Growing Quails. American Journal of Zoological Research. 2017; 5(2):33-37. doi: 10.12691/ajzr-5-2-3

Abstract

The effect of inclusion of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the growth performance, PCV and egg laying capacity of young growing quails was evaluated in this study. Forty five two weeks-old young growing quails were used in the study. Three dietary treatments I, II and III were formulated with Moringa leaf meal at 0, 10 and 20 levels, respectively. Each treatment had fifteen quails. The experiment lasted for eight weeks during which the effect of M. oleifera on the weight, PCV and egg laying parameters were monitored as indices of performance. The results indicated that the total mean weights, PCV and number of eggs laid was highest in young growing quails fed 10 g M. oleifera leaf meal levels(treatment II), followed by those fed control diet(treatment I) while the lowest was those fed with 20 g M. oleifera(treatment III). The treatment II had 78.05±29.007g mean weight, treatment I had mean weight of 73.90±27.417g, while treatment III had the least mean weight of 68.65±22.926g. Concerning the PCV; treatment II had 31.10±5.139%, treatment I had 27.70±4.342% while treatment III had 23.20±3.105. In the case of egg laying capacity, treatment II had average of 20 eggs, treatment I had average of 10 eggs while treatment III had average number of 4 eggs. The results of the research indicated that the inclusion of M. oleifera is concentration dependent, moderate concentration (10g) showed a better result than the higher one (20g) in the performance of growing quail.

Keywords:
quails Moringa oleifera egg weight and PCV

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 3

References:

[1]  Aderemi, F.A. (2003). Effect of enzyme supplemented cassava siviete in cassava based diet on some visceral organs of pullet chicks. Procceeding of the 8th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Society of Nigeria, pp. 57-59.
 
[2]  Adeyemi, O.A., Fasina, O.E. and Balogun, M.O. (2000). Utilizating full fat of jatropha seed in broiler diets: Effects on Haematological Parameters and Blood Chemistry. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference Nigerian Society of Animal Production, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria. 3: 163-166.
 
[3]  Agiang, E.A., O.O.K. Oko and G.E. Essien (2011). Quails Response to Aqueous Extract of Bush Marigold (Aspilia africana) Leaf. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 6 (4): 130-134.
 
[4]  Akinfela O, AOA Kehinde and OO Tewe, (1999). Performance and economy production of pigs fed whole Cassava plant based diet in the tropics. Journal of Animal Production Investigation. 2: 181-186.
 
[5]  Akinmutimi, A.H. and Onukwe, C.C. (2002). Effect of Cooking with Various Concentrations of Potash on Nutrient composition of Potash. Journal of Agriculture and Biotechnology 1: 1-3.
 
[6]  Animashahun, R.A. Omoikhoje, S.O. and Bamgbose, A.M. (2006). Haematological and biochemical indices of weaner rabbits fed concentrates and Syndrella nodiflora forage supplement. Proceedings of 11th Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria. Institute of Agricultural Research and Training, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp 29-32
 
[7]  Banjo, O.S. (2012). Growth and performance as affected by inclusion of Moringa oleifera leaf meal in broiler chicks diet. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare (9): 35-38.
 
[8]  Dogara, B. (2013), Quail Farming: A Profitable Business in Nigeria. Retrieved from http//www.technuzu.com. Accessed on 11, August, 2015.
 
[9]  Esonu, B.O., Emenalom, O.O., Udedibie, A.B.I., Herbert, U., Ekpor, C.F., Okolie, I.C. and Iheukwumere, F.C. (2001). Performance and blood chemistry of weaner pigs fed raw mucuna (velvet bean). Tropical Animal Production Investigations, 4: 49-54.
 
[10]  European Food Safety Authority, (E.F.S.A) (2004). Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Animal Health and Welfare on a report from the Commission related to the welfare of animals during transport. The EFSA Journal, Available at http//www.efsa.eu.int. Accessed on April 18, 2015.
 
[11]  Fahey JW, AT Zakmann and P Talalay, (2001). The Chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and Isothiocyanates among plants. Corrigendum Phytochemistry 59: 200-237.
 
[12]  Gous, R. M. and Morris, T. R. (2005). Nutritional Intervention in Alleviating the Effects of high temperature in broiler production. World Poultry Science. 61: 463-475.
 
[13]  Greg ME, (2008). Effect of Enzymes on Cellulose, European Journal of Applied Microbiology Biotechnology, (40):167-171.
 
[14]  Igado, O. O., and Aina, O. O. (2010). Some Aspects of the Neurometrics and Oculometrics of the Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) in Nigeria. Journal of Morphological. Science, 27(3-4): 133-135.
 
[15]  Imchen, M. (2013). Health Benefits of Quails. Visiting Specialist Consultant Animal Concern, Dimapur. Pp 4-8
 
[16]  Kakengi, A.M.V., Shen, M.N., Sarwart, S.V. and Fujihara, T. (2003). Can Moringa oleifera be used as protein supplement to ruminant diet? Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, 18(1): 42-47.
 
[17]  Odugbo, M.O., 2004. Pasteurellosis in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) caused by Pasteurella multocida A: 4. Vet. Record, 155: 90-91.
 
[18]  Oludoyi, I.A. and Toye A.A. (2015). The effect of early feeding of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the performance of broiler and pullet chicks. Retrieved from http://miracle.org/flora/effects-feeding-moringa-oleifera-on-performance-of-broiler-andpullet-chicks/ Accessed on August 25, 2015.
 
[19]  Onu, P.N. and Otuma, M.O. (2008). Utilization of heat treated sheep dropping in the diets of broiler finisher chicks. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7(2): 169-173.
 
[20]  Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA, 2011). Quail: Good practice for housing and care. Research Animals Department. 4th edition. West Sussex RHI3 9RS. 2011, www.rspca.org.uk/researchanimals.
 
[21]  Safa M.A and Tazi, E.I. (2012). Effect of Feeding Different Levels of Moringa oleifera Leaf Meal on the Performance and Carcass Quality of Broiler Chicks. International Journal of Science and Research, 2319-7064.
 
[22]  Sahin, N., Akdemir, F., Orhan, C., Kucuk, O., Hayirli, A. and Sahin, K. (2008). Lycopene-enriched Quail egg as functional food for humans. Food Research International, 41: 295-300.
 
[23]  Sarwatt SV, MS Milangha, FP Lekule and N Madalla, (2004). Moringa oleifera and cotton seed cake as supplements for small holder dairy cow fed napier grass. Livestock research for Rural Development, 16: 38-44.
 
[24]  Sjaasted V, K Howe and O Sand, (2005). Physiology of domestic Animals, International Book Distributing Company (Publishing Division), India, 605pp.
 
[25]  Tunsaringkarn, T., Tungjaroenchai, W. and Siriwong, W. (2013). Nutrient benefits of Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) eggs. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(5): 1-8.
 
[26]  Ufele A.N, Okoye C.B, Ebenebe C.I. (2015). Effect of Natural and Artificial Ascorbic Acid Supplementation on the Growth Performance and Packed Cell Volume of Broiler Chicks. American Journal of Life Sciences, 3(3): 158-161.
 
[27]  William, A.C., and George, W.S. (2008). Statistical Methods, 6th Edition, the Iowa State University Press. Ames, Iowa, USA. Pp. 167-263.
 
[28]  Winrock, N. (1992). Assessment of Animal Agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Winrock International, Morrilton, Arkansas, USA pp. 125.