American Journal of Zoological Research
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American Journal of Zoological Research. 2017, 5(1), 5-12
DOI: 10.12691/ajzr-5-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Mosquitoes Breeding Potentials of Dumpsites in Selected Location in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Afia U. U1, and EFIONG E. EDET1

1Department of Zoology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Pub. Date: March 21, 2017

Cite this paper:
Afia U. U and EFIONG E. EDET. Mosquitoes Breeding Potentials of Dumpsites in Selected Location in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. American Journal of Zoological Research. 2017; 5(1):5-12. doi: 10.12691/ajzr-5-1-2

Abstract

A survey on Mosquitoe breeding potentials of dumpsites in selected locations in Uyo Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria was carried out between October and November, 2015. Samples were collected in both stagnant waterand containerof domestic dumping site, Dumping site in Mechanical village, and Industrial site. A total of 1648 specimen of mosquitoes larvae from three genuses (Anopheles, culex, and Aedes) were encountered. 1318 larvae found in stagnant water, while 330 recovered from container of water.In stagnant water, the following result were obtain; domestic dumping site; culex spp. 310 (44%) >Anopheles spp. 218 (30%)>Aedes Spp. 184(26%) Mechanical village dumping site: Anopheles 210 (44%)>Aedes 141 (30%)>Culex Spp.. 121 (26%0 and industrial dumping site; Culex 57 (43%)>Anopheles Spp. 42 (31%)>Aedes Spp. 35 (26). Induced container the following result was obtained, domestic dumping site; Culex spp. 95 (51%)> Anopheles pp. 69(37%)> Aedes spp. 22(12%), mechanic village dumping site: Anopheles spp. 57 (64%)> Culex Spp. 23 (26%)> Aedes Spp. 9 (10%) and industrial dumping site: culux spp. 40 (73%)> Anopheles Spp. 10(18%)>AedesSpp. 5 (9%). Culex Spp. was observed to be dominant in domestic and industrial dumping site, Anopheles Spp.was observed to be dominant in mechanic village dumping site while Aedes Spp. was observed to be the least dominant in the three selected sampling area. The ratio of male to female in the three sampling area was 1:2. In conclusion, the occurrence of Anopheles Spp, Aedes Spp. and culex Spp. in the study area indicates high risk of vector borne diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever and filariasis.

Keywords:
mosquitoe dumping site potential breeding

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