American Journal of Zoological Research
ISSN (Print): 2373-678X ISSN (Online): 2373-6771 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Zoological Research. 2014, 2(2), 33-36
DOI: 10.12691/ajzr-2-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Estimation of Growth and Survival of Comet Gold Fish, Crassius auratus by Using Artificial and Natural Feeds in Closed Glass Fiber Aquaria

M. Raseduzzaman1, M. S. Mahfuj2, , M. A. Samad3, B. M. S. Rahman4, M. G. Sarower1 and A. K. Barman1

1Fisheries and Marine Resource Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh

2Student of Master of Science in Aquaculture, Ghent University, Rozier-9000, Ghent, Belgium

3Department of Fisheries and Marine Bioscience, Jessore Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

4Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute, Riverine Station, Chandpur, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: February 24, 2014

Cite this paper:
M. Raseduzzaman, M. S. Mahfuj, M. A. Samad, B. M. S. Rahman, M. G. Sarower and A. K. Barman. Estimation of Growth and Survival of Comet Gold Fish, Crassius auratus by Using Artificial and Natural Feeds in Closed Glass Fiber Aquaria. American Journal of Zoological Research. 2014; 2(2):33-36. doi: 10.12691/ajzr-2-2-2


The research work was carried out for 60-days with the aim of examine the effects of different feeds on larval development and survival of 3 day-old comet gold fish Carrasius auratus larvae in closed fiber glass aquaria to build up nurturing routine for supporting the aquarium business. Six experimental units were consisting three treatments, each comprising of two replications and stocked with 45 larvae. Initial length were 2.21 ± 0.03, 2.23 ± 0.04 and 2.25 ± 0.05 mm respectively in three treatments and weight of larvae was 0.005 ± 0.01 g and the volume of each glass aquaria was 30 × 11 × 8 inch3. Three different feeds i.e. crushed pellet feed, mixed diet i.e. 50% pellet +50% chopped tubificid worms and live chopped tubificid worms, having different protein levels were administered to compare their suitability as food for nurturing of C. auratus larvae. The larvae fed with chopped tubificid worms showed significantly better results in terms of length and weight gain, percent length and weight gain and specific growth rate (SGR %) compared to the rest two treatments. The highest survival rate 64.64 ± 2.46% was shown by the chopped tubificid worms fed larvae which was significantly higher than those of crushed pellet feed and mixed diet respectively. Water quality parameters were monitored throughout the experimental periods. On the basis of larval growth and survival rate, it could be suggested the live chopped tubificid worms is suitable for the nurture of comet gold fish C. auratus larvae.

comet gold fish growth feeds aquaria and survival

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Ghosh, A., Mahapatra, B.K and Datta, N.C, “Ornamental Fish Farming-Successful Small Scale Aqua business in India”. Aquaculture Asia, 8(3). 14-16. 2000.
[2]  Jesson, A., “Comet Goldfish.”. 2006.
[3]  Kaiser, H., Endemann, F. and Paulet, T.G, “A comparisonof artificial and natural foods and their combinations in the rearing of goldfish, Carassius auratus (L.)”. Aquaculture Research, 34. 943-950. 2003.
[4]  Jhingran, V.G. and Pullin, R.S.V, “A Hatchery Manual for the common, Chinese and Indian Major Carps”. ICLARM Studies and Reviews, 11. 1-191. 1985.
[5]  Begum, M., Alam, M.J., Islam, M.A. and Pal, H.K, “On the food and feeding habit of an estuarine cat fish (Mystus gulio, Hamilton) in the south-west coast of Bangladesh”. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University, 27. 91-94. 2008.
[6]  Ghosh, K., Sen, S.K. and Ray, S.K, “Feed utilization efficiency and growth performance of rohu, (Labeo rohita, Hamilton-1822), fingerling feed yeast extract supplemental diets”. Acta ichthylogica et piscatorial, 35(2). 111-117. 2005.
[7]  Khanna, S.S, “An introduction to fishes. Central book department”. Allahabad, India.1996.
[8]  Sahoo, S.K., Giri, S.S., Chandra, S. and Sahu, A.K, “Management in seed rearing Asian catfish Clarius batrachus, in hatchery condition”. Aquaculture Asia Magazine, 15(1). 23-25. 2010.
[9]  Hossain, A., Hasan, M., Mollah, M.F.A., “Effects of soyabean and mustard oil cake on the production of fish life food tubificid worms in Bangladesh”. World Journal of fish and marine sciences, 3(3), 183-189. 2011.
[10]  AOAC,” Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists”, 13th edition. Washington, D.C. USA. 1980.
[11]  Sandifer, P.A., Smith, J., “Effects of population density on growth and survival of Macrobrachium rosenbergii reared in recirculating water management system”. Proceedings of World Mericulture Society, 6, 43-53. 1975.
[12]  Elangovan, A., Shim, K.F., “The influence of replacing fishmeal partially in the diet with soybean meal on growth and body composition of juvenile tin foil barb (Barbodes altus)”. Aquaculture, 189(1-2), 133-144. 2000.
[13]  Willis, S.A., Berrrigan, M.E., “Effects of stocking size and density of growth and survival of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) in ponds”. Proceedings of World Mericulture Society, 8, 251-264. 1977.
[14]  Desilva, S.S., Anderson, T.A., “Fish Nutrition in aquaculture”. Published by Chapman & Hall, 2-6 Boundary row, London SEI 8HN, 27-30. 1995.
[15]  Duncan, D.B., Multiple Range and Multiple F Tests. Biometrics 11, 1-42. 1995.
[16]  Steel, R.G.P., Torrie, J.H., “Bioestadystica, Principionsy procedimientos”. McGraw-Hall, USA, 622. 1988.
[17]  Mondal, K., Kaviraj, A., Mukhopadhay, P.K., Datta, M., Sengupta, C., “Evaluation of fermented fish offal in formulated diet of the Indian major carp, rohu (Labeo rohita) Hamilton”. Acta Ichthylogica et piscatorial, 37(2), 99-105. 2007.
[18]  Jana, B.B., Chakraborty, R., “Exogenous introduction of live plankton, a better approach to carp growth than direct-manure systems”. Progressive Fish Culture, 52, 252-260. 1990.
[19]  Mahmoudzadeh, H., Ahmadi, M.R., Shamsei, M., Comparison of rotifer Brachionus plicatilis as a choice of live feed in rearing Coregonus lavaretus fry. Aquaculture Nutrition, 15(2), 129-134. 2009.
[20]  Bucher, J., “Food and feeding; culturing Tubifex worm”. Tropical Fisheries Hobbyst 25(7), 9-102. 1977.
[21]  Mahfuj, M.S., Hossain, M,A., Sarower, M.G., “Effect of different feeds on larval development and survival of ornamental koi carp, Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) larvae in laboratory condition”. Journal of Bangladesh Agriculture University, 10(1), 297-302. 2012.
[22]  Sarowar, M.N., Jewel, M.Z.H., Sayeed, M.A., Mollah, M.F.A., “Impacts of different diets on growth and survival of Channa striatus fry”. International Journal of Bioresearch, 1(3), 8-12. 2010.
[23]  Mollah, M.F.A., Nurullah, M.,” Effects of feeding frequency on the growth and survival of catfish (Clarias batrachus L.) larvae”. Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries, 11(2), 9-14. 1988.
[24]  Backiel, T., Lecren, E.D., “Some density relationship for the population parameters. In: S. D. Gerking (editor)”. Ecology of Fresh Water Fish Production. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 279-302. 1978.
[25]  Hecht, T., Appelbaum, S., “Notes on growth of Clarias gariepinus during the primary nursing phase”. Aquaculture, 63, 195-204. 1987.
[26]  Sharma, D., Das, J., Dutta, A., “Effect on certain feeds on growth and survival of Ompok pabda (Hamilton-Buchanan) hatchlings in captive condition”. International Journal of Scientific Research Publications, 2(1), 1-5. 2012.
[27]  Mollah, M.F.A., Tan, E.S.P., “Effects of feeding frequency on the growth and survival of catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther) larvae”. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 28(1-2), 1-7. 1982.