American Journal of Water Resources
ISSN (Print): 2333-4797 ISSN (Online): 2333-4819 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajwr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Water Resources. 2017, 5(5), 142-145
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-5-5-1
Open AccessArticle

Assessing Drinking Water Quality in Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia

M. Alsawalha1,

1Department of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology, Jubail Industrial College, Jubail Industrial City, KSA

Pub. Date: December 02, 2017

Cite this paper:
M. Alsawalha. Assessing Drinking Water Quality in Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Water Resources. 2017; 5(5):142-145. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-5-5-1

Abstract

The focus of this paper is not only on performing laboratory water tests, but also on correlating the obtained results for drinking water samples with the statistical quality control calculations. For this objective various physico-chemical parameters of domestic drinking water were measured, water samples that were collected from Jubail city, mainly from two different areas (Al Huwailat and Jalmudah). The revealed results were correlated with the standard specification (s) outlined by the World Health Organization (WHO). It was found that tested parameters were below the permissible limit stipulated by WHO, which indicates the high quality of water provided in Jubail Industrial City. In addition, the results from the applied research were statistically evaluated by the One-Way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to compare the means of two analysed groups. It was concluded that Ftest for all parameters was less than Fcritical, which proves that difference being analyzed is statistically significant at the confidential level 95%. Statically this leads us to fact that water quality of the studied areas is suitable for domestic purposes.

Keywords:
water quality water physico-chemical parameters one-way analysis variance (ANVOA)

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Olajire, A. A.; Imoekparia, E. Water Quality Assessment of Osun River; Studies on Inorganic Nutrients. J. of Envi. Monit. And Assess., 2001, 69 (1), 17-28.
 
[2]  Ibrahim, B. U.; Auta J.; Balogun, J.K. Assessment of the Physico-Chemical Parameters of Kontagora Reservoir. J. of Pure and Appl. Sci. 2009, 2 (1), 64-69.
 
[3]  Atulegwu P.U.; Njoku J.D. The impact of biocides on the water quality. Int. Res. J. Eng. Sci.Technol., 2004, 1, (2), 47-52.
 
[4]  Saleh m. A.; Emmanuel E.; Joseph J., Wilson BL. Chemical evaluation of commercial bottled drinking water from Egypt, J. of Food composition and Analysis, 2001,14, (2), 127 -152.
 
[5]  Onifade A.K.; Ilorin M. Microbiological analysis of sachet water vended in Ondo state, Environ. Res. J. 2008, 2, (3), 107-110.
 
[6]  Stambuck-Giljanovic N.Water quality evaluation by index in Dalmatia, Water Res., 1999, 33 (16), 3423-33440.
 
[7]  AL-omran A.; AL-barakah altuquq F.; ALY A. A; Nadeem M. Drinking water quality assessment and water quality index of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Water Qual. Res. J. Can, 2015, 50 (3), 287-296.
 
[8]  Saudi Arabian Standards Organization (SASO).2000, Un-bottled Drinking Water. SASO 701 and mkg 149 (in Arabic). Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
 
[9]  Fewtrell L.; Bartram J. World Health Organization (WHO). Water Quality Guidelines Standards and Health, London UK, IWA publishing, 2001.
 
[10]  Jumbe A. S., Nandini N. Heavy Metals Analysis and Sediment Quality Values in Urban Lakes. Am. J. Environ. Sci., 2009, 5 (6), 678.-687.
 
[11]  Vitha M. F., Carr P. W.; Mabbott G.A. J. Appropriate Use of Blanks, Standards Controls in Chemical Measurements, Chem. Educ. 2005, 82 (6), 901- 902.
 
[12]  Carter d. W. Testing Boyle's law: A context for statistical methods in the under graduate laboratory, J. Chem. Educ., 1985, 62 (10), 497-498.
 
[13]  Spencer R. D. The dependence of strength in plastics upon polymer chain length and chain orientation an experiment emphasizing the statistical handling and evaluation of Data. J. Chem. Educ., 1984, 61 (6), 555-563.
 
[14]  Muna Khethier A.; Sabah Khamass H. Ahmed Adnan K. Optimization Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Spot Welded Joints for Dissimilar Aluminum Alloys (AA2024- T3 and AA 5754- H114). Arab J. Sci. Eng., 2016, 41 (11).
 
[15]  Supunnika S.; Panthita T., Evaluation of the Effect of Water Activity and Temperature on Lag Phase and Growth Rate of Aflatoxigenic Aspergillus section Flavi Strains Isolated from Stored Rice Grain, Elsevier, Agriculture and Agriculture Science Procedia, 2016, 11, 38-45.
 
[16]  American Public Health Association(APHA), standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, American Public health Association, Washington D. C. United States, Eighteenth ed. 1992.
 
[17]  Reda A. H., Physico-Chemical Analysis of Drinking Water Quality of Arbaminch Town, J. Environ. Anal. Toxicol., 2016, 6 (2), 1-5.
 
[18]  American Public Health Association (APHA), Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, Washington DC, USA, 21st ed. 2005.
 
[19]  WHO. Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 4th Ed. Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
 
[20]  Muhammad S.; Tahir Shah M.; Khan S. Arsenic health risk assessment in drinking water and source apportionment using multivariate statistical techniques in Kohistan region, northern Pakistan. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2010, 48 (10), 2855-2864.
 
[21]  Halim M.A.; Majunder R.K.; Nessa S.A., ODA K.,; Hiroshiro K.; Saha B.B.; Hussain S.M.; Latif S.A.; Islam M.A. Jinno K. Groundwater contamination with arsenic in Sherajdikhan, Bangladesh: geochemical and hydrological implications. Environ. Geol., 2009, 58 (1), 73-84.