American Journal of Water Resources
ISSN (Print): 2333-4797 ISSN (Online): 2333-4819 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajwr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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American Journal of Water Resources. 2017, 5(4), 117-124
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-5-4-4
Open AccessArticle

Purifying Potential of Streptomyces albidoflavus Strain DSM 40455T and Streptomyces antibioticus Strain NBRC 12838T in Wastewater Treatment

Andriambeloson Onja1, Rabenirina Harilanto1, Rajoelisoa Andriamalala1, Ramaroson Luciano1 and Rasolomampianina Rado1,

1Department of Terrestrial Ecosystem, National Center of Environmental Research, Laboratory of Environmental Microbiology, Tsimbazaza, BP 1739, Antananarivo 101, Madagascar

Pub. Date: October 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Andriambeloson Onja, Rabenirina Harilanto, Rajoelisoa Andriamalala, Ramaroson Luciano and Rasolomampianina Rado. Purifying Potential of Streptomyces albidoflavus Strain DSM 40455T and Streptomyces antibioticus Strain NBRC 12838T in Wastewater Treatment. American Journal of Water Resources. 2017; 5(4):117-124. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-5-4-4

Abstract

The ability of Actinomycetes strains to degrade pollutant matters and to reduce or eliminate pathogens microorganisms from domestic wastewater of an industrial site (oilfield of Tsimiroro-Madagascar) at the laboratory scale is demonstrated in the present work. Two most active Actinomycetes isolates (Streptomyces albidoflavus strain DSM 40455T and Streptomyces antibioticus strain NBRC 12838T) against test-pathogens were selected for the purification treatment. The analysis of physico-chemical (COD, BOD, pH, conductivity, color, TDS, nitrite, nitrate, phosphate and chloride rates) and microbiological parameters (sulphite reducing anaerobe, fecal coliforms, fecal Streptococcus and Escherichia coli rates) allowed to evaluate the quality of the wastewater. Physico-chemical results revealed that purified water is qualitatively improved view that 60.86% of TDS, 71.61% of its color, 25.55% of its chloride rate, 45.32% of its nitrate rate, 99.9% of its nitrite rate, 26.25% of its phosphate rate, 46.53% of its initial COD and 58.11% of its BOD were eliminated at the end of the treatment. Only, the conductivity increased compared with the guideline values for all treatment. The process improved also microbiological quality of the wastewater with total elimination of fecal Streptococcus and diminution of fecal coliforms, sulphite reducing anaerobe and Escherichia coli concentrations. The experiment proved that biological treatment using Actinomycetes strains is a promising, less expensive and simple technology for wastewater recycling ensuring thus their reuse for other activities.

Keywords:
wastewater biological treatment Actinomycetes microbiological quality physico-chemical quality

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