American Journal of Water Resources
ISSN (Print): 2333-4797 ISSN (Online): 2333-4819 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajwr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Water Resources. 2016, 4(1), 22-29
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-4-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Investigations into the Residential Water Demand and Supply in Enugu Metropolitan Area, Nigeria

Ezenwaji E. E.1, , Eduputa B. M.2 and Okoye C. O.2

1Department of Geography and Meteorology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

2Department of Environmental Management, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

Pub. Date: March 02, 2016

Cite this paper:
Ezenwaji E. E., Eduputa B. M. and Okoye C. O.. Investigations into the Residential Water Demand and Supply in Enugu Metropolitan Area, Nigeria. American Journal of Water Resources. 2016; 4(1):22-29. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-4-1-3

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate into the water demand and supply situations in Enugu Metropolitan area, Nigeria. To achieve the aim, data for the study were collected from 2000 randomly selected households in our identified 41 residential wards of the urban area within 6 months between April and September 2015 by the use of questionnaire designed for the purpose. The sampling technique adopted was the stratified random sampling which has the advantage of ensuring that no section of the population was excluded. Trend based method was employed in the estimation of the quantity of water demand and supply, while principal component regression was utilized in the analysis of the factors responsible for the quantities demanded and supplied and produced an equation that was used in the model estimation. Result shows that the quantity of water demanded and supplied in 2014 were estimated at 144,491,774 litres per day (LD) while supply was 67,091,096 LD which satisfied only 44.0% of demand. On the basis of findings, we recommended that institutional reforms, water demand management technique and supply measures as well as professional community based management option be urgent employed to meet the sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target date of 2030 of ensuring access to water and sanitation for all.

Keywords:
demand sampling ward measures access

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Ani, O.C. (1980). Urban Water Supply and Demand: The case of Enugu. Unpublished B.Sc Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
 
[2]  Akintola, L.S. (2006). Lagos State Water Corporation: An assessment of performance. Govt Printer Lagos.
 
[3]  Okechukwu, G.C. (1984). “A Water Demand and Use Model for Metropolitan Jos”. A paper presented at the UNESCO/AHR/PMCOR International Seminar on Water Resources Development and Management Practices” Ilorin 28th July – 4th August.
 
[4]  Uteibe, J.T. (2002). “Water Demand in Ajegunle Area of Lagos Mainland, Nigeria”. Journal of Development, vol. 3, No. 2 pp 60-71.
 
[5]  Anyadike, R.N.C. & Ibeziakor, M. N. (1987). “The Spatial Structure of Residential Water Demand in Enugu, Nigeria”. The Nigerian Journal of Social Studies, Vol. 14, pp 1-8.
 
[6]  Ezenwaji, E.E. (2009). “Municipal and Industrial Water Demand and Suppply in Enugu Urban Area, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
 
[7]  Udeze, A.O. (1988). River Water Pollution in Enugu Urban Area. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
 
[8]  Schouten, T. and Smits, S. (2015). From Infrastructure to services’ Trends in monitoring, sustainable water and sanitation & hygiene services. International water and sanitation centre, UK.
 
[9]  Enugu State Ministry of Lands and Survey (2010). “Enugu Urban Land & Management”. Mimeographed.
 
[10]  B.B. Consultants (2009). The Water Supply Projections of Enugu City. Mimeographed.
 
[11]  Harforse, L. (2004). The Mini Water Works option in Lagos. Guardian Newspaper No.
 
[12]  Kessides, V. (1998). “Cost Effectiveness in Water Administration”. Journal of Administration, Vol. 8, No. 2. Pp 17-26.
 
[13]  Ware, J.E. (2001). Water Supply and urban Development, Butcher Ltd. London.
 
[14]  Careg, D. (2003). “Improving the Technical Issues involving Water Supply”. Water Supply and Environment. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp 80-92.