American Journal of Water Resources
ISSN (Print): 2333-4797 ISSN (Online): 2333-4819 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajwr Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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American Journal of Water Resources. 2016, 4(1), 1-15
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-4-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Hydrologic and Hydraulic Impact of Climate Change on Lake Ontario Tributary

Sadik Ahmed1 and Ioannis Tsanis1,

1Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7, Canada

Pub. Date: February 24, 2016

Cite this paper:
Sadik Ahmed and Ioannis Tsanis. Hydrologic and Hydraulic Impact of Climate Change on Lake Ontario Tributary. American Journal of Water Resources. 2016; 4(1):1-15. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-4-1-1

Abstract

Climate model projections indicate that the frequency and magnitude of hydrological extremes will increase in a future climate due to increasing concentration of greenhouse gases. Increase in precipitation depth will lead to higher peak flows, and will bring floods with higher inundation depths and larger extends. This study involves the climate change impact analysis of design storms, peak flows and flooding scenario for the Clearview Creek drainage area located in Southern Ontario, Canada. First, the storm depths for different return periods and durations were calculated from the observed rainfall data and the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP) climate simulations. The storm depths were calculated by using the best fitted distribution among twenty seven distributions. The design storm depths calculated from the observed and climate model simulated data are used as input into an existing Visual OTTHYMO model of the study area for flow simulation. The simulated peak flows for 24hr Storm of different return periods are used as input in the HEC-RAS model for hydraulic analyses. Frequency analysis results show that the storm depths are predicted to increase significantly under future climate. Simulated flow results show an increase of peak flows ranging from about 26 % to 64% for 2yr and 100yr return periods at the outlet of the Creek. Finally, the analyses of flooding scenario revealed an average increase of water surface elevation and extents by 30 cm and 37.1 m, respectively, for a 100 year return period flood. It is also revealed that the variability of flow simulated by hydrologic model and flow area simulated by the hydraulic analyses tool are much higher than the variability of the storm depths under future climate condition.

Keywords:
climate change frequency analysis design storm hydrology flood Canada

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