American Journal of Sensor Technology
ISSN (Print): 2373-3454 ISSN (Online): 2373-3462 Website: Editor-in-chief: Vyacheslav Tuzlukov
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Sensor Technology. 2014, 2(2), 25-28
DOI: 10.12691/ajst-2-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Nanocomposite ZnNb2O6 Thick Film as Room Temperature Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Sensor

Richa Srivastava1,

1Nanomaterial sensor Research Lab Department of Physics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, U.P., India

Pub. Date: May 13, 2014

Cite this paper:
Richa Srivastava. Nanocomposite ZnNb2O6 Thick Film as Room Temperature Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Sensor. American Journal of Sensor Technology. 2014; 2(2):25-28. doi: 10.12691/ajst-2-2-3


In the present work, thick film of zinc niobium oxide was prepared by screen printing technology and its LPG sensing properties were investigated. The structural and surface morphological characterizations of the material were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The minimum crystallite size of ZnNb2O6 calculated from Scherrer’s formula was found to be 25 nm. SEM images exhibit the porous nature of sensing material with a number of active sites. The average size of pores of nanocomposite ZnNb2O6 was found to be 4 µm. The LPG sensing properties of the film were investigated at room temperature 26C for different vol% of LPG. The variations in electrical resistance of the film were measured with the exposure of LPG as a function of time. The maximum value of sensitivity was found 4.8 for 4 vol. % of LPG. These experimental results show that ZnNb2O6 nanocomposite is a capable material for LPG sensor.

Sensor morphology sensitivity nanomaterial pores LPG

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  R Srivastava, B C Yadav, C. D. Dwivedi, R. Kumar, Comparative Study of Moisture Sensing Properties of ZnO nanomaterials through hydroxide route by mixing drop wise and Sudden Sens. Trans. J. 80, 1295, 2007.
[2]  D R Patil, L A Patil, Room temperature chlorine gas sensing using surface modified ZnO thick film resistors, Sens. Actuators B: Chem. 123, 546, 2007.
[3]  A M More, J L Gunjakar, C D Lokhande, Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sensor properties of interconnected web-like structured sprayed TiO2 films, Sens. Actuators B: Chem. 129, 671, 2008.
[4]  Richa Srivastava and B.C. Yadav, Nanaostructured ZnO, ZnO-TiO2 and ZnO- Nb2O5 as solid state humidity sensor, Advanced Material Letters, 3, 197, 2012.
[5]  V R Shinde, T P Gujar, C D Lokhande, LPG sensing properties of ZnO fims prepared by spray pyrolysis method: Effect of molarity of precursor solution Sens. Actuators B: Chem. 120, 551, 2007.
[6]  D R Patil, L A Patil, G H Jain, M S Wagh, S A Patil, Surface Activated ZnO Thick Film Resistors for LPG Gas Sensing, Sens. Trans. J. 74, 874, 2006.
[7]  B. C. Yadav, R. Srivastava and Anuradha Yadav, Nanostructured Zinc Oxid Synthesized via Hydroxide Route as Liquid Petroleum Gas Sensor, Sensors and Materials 21, 87, 2009.
[8]  G N Chaudhari et al Indian Journal of Physics, Sensitivity and selectivity of chemically modified nanosized SnO2 based CO sensors, 79, 1157, 2005.
[9]  G T Lamdhade, S S Yawale, S P Yawele, TiO2- MgO Mixed Oxide Humidity Sensors, Indian Journal of Physics 76, 399, 2002.
[10]  S C Yeow, W L Ong, A S W Wong, G W Ho, Template-free synthesis and gas sensing properties of well- controlled porous tin oxide nanospheres, Sens. Actuators B, 143 295, 2009.
[11]  N Barsan, U Weimar, Understanding the fundamental principles of metal oxide based gas sensors; the example of CO sensing with SnO2 sensors in the presence of humidity J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, R813, 2003.
[12]  N Yamazoe, K Shimanoe, Receptor Function and Response of Semiconductor Gas Sensor J. Sens. Article ID 1 875704, 2009.
[13]  N Barsan, U Weimar, Conduction Models in Gas-Sensing SnO2 Layers: Grain-Size Effects and Ambient atmosphere Influence J. Electrocer., 7, 143, 2001.
[14]  Y. Xiaojuan, C. Naisheng, S. Shuifa, L. Ersheng and H. Jinling, Preparation, characterization and gas sensitive properties of nano- crystalline Cr2O3- Fe2O3 mixed oxides, Sci. in China 41, 442, 1998.
[15]  G. Sberveglieri, L.E. Depero, M. Ferroni, V. Guidi, G. Martinelli, P. Nelli, C. Perego and L. Sangletti, A novel method for the preparation of nanosized TiO2 thin films, Advan. Mater. 8, 334, 1996.
[16]  B.C. Yadav, A. Yadav, T. Shukla and S. Singh, Experimental investigations on solid state conductivity of cobaltzincate nanocomposite for liquefied petroleum gas sensing, Sens. Lett. 7, 1, 2009.