American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2015, 3(4), 82-84
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-3-4-3
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The First Fatal Incident of Pangration/Pankration

Nikitas N. Nomikos1,

1Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens Greece

Pub. Date: November 17, 2015

Cite this paper:
Nikitas N. Nomikos. The First Fatal Incident of Pangration/Pankration. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2015; 3(4):82-84. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-3-4-3


The desire for distinction in conjunction with direct physical contact contributed to conduction of athletic events of high intensity and to cause of sports injuries. Purpose of this research is the identification and analysis of the first fatal incident of pankration in antiquity. The survey classified the pankration in category of ancient writers called heavy events. According to results the range of allowable holds combined with the liberality of movements, make possible the presence of serious injuries (lacerations, bruises, dislocations) and fatalities. Despite the expected high number of fatalities, this research has been found only one reported incident in which the athlete (pankratiast) Arrachion died because the choking hold, who had been implemented. In causing the incident crucial role played the kind of the applied hold in conjunction with the locked anatomical region (larynx), the neck entrapment in the elbow joint and the outcome of the athlete due to hypoxia or anoxia. After a review of literature, the book of Pausanias “’s Excursion”, VIII, 40. 1-2., was identified and analyzed as the text which contains the first fatal injury of pankration in the world history.

sport medicine sport injuries pankration trauma

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