American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajssm Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2015, 3(1), 15-22
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-3-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Measurement of Energy Expenditure among Free Living Active and Sedentary Women (18-23 Years): Results of Objective and Self-Reported Assessment

Mansi Chopra1, and Anupa Siddhu1

1Department of Food and Nutrition, Lady Irwin College, Sikandra Road, New Delhi- 110001, University of Delhi, India

Pub. Date: February 08, 2015

Cite this paper:
Mansi Chopra and Anupa Siddhu. Measurement of Energy Expenditure among Free Living Active and Sedentary Women (18-23 Years): Results of Objective and Self-Reported Assessment. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2015; 3(1):15-22. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-3-1-3

Abstract

Background: Heart rate monitoring has been advocated for assessing energy expenditure in field studies. The aim of the study is to determine and compare the energy requirements by heart rate method and factorial method and measure PWC170 for young active and sedentary women. Methods: A cross-sectional study on 30 collegiate women (18-23 years) was conducted. Young active (Group A) (n=15) and age matched sedentary women (Group S) (n=15) were selected based on an inclusion criterion. Using standard procedures, data was collected on general information, anthropometry, blood pressure, body composition, PWC170, HR-VO2 relationship, diet and physical activity to compute energy requirements. Results: Individual HR- VO2 equations were developed. Mean TDEE by factorial method for Group A was 2256 ±246 kcal and for Group S was 1772 ± 163 kcal. Mean TDEE by heart rate method of Group A was 1952 ± 68 kcal and of Group S was 1579 ± 116 kcal. Mean PWC170 for Group A and Group S were 94.8 ± 6.9 and 93.5 ± 13.9 watts respectively. PAL for Group A was 32% higher than Group S. Conclusion: The heart rate technique is a useful tool for computing energy requirement of active groups because of its simplicity and potential use in free living conditions.

Keywords:
energy requirement heart rate method PWC170 factorial method total daily energy expenditure

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