American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajssm Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014, 2(5), 202-207
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-2-5-5
Open AccessArticle

Effects of Power-based Complex Training on Body Composition and Muscular Strength in Collegiate Athletes

Joshua Miller1, Yunsuk Koh2, and Chan-Gil Park3

1Department of Health and Kinesiology, Lamar University. Beaumont, TX USA

2Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University. Waco, TX. USA

3Devision of Physical Education, Hallym University. Chun-Choen, Kangwon, Korea

Pub. Date: November 05, 2014

Cite this paper:
Joshua Miller, Yunsuk Koh and Chan-Gil Park. Effects of Power-based Complex Training on Body Composition and Muscular Strength in Collegiate Athletes. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014; 2(5):202-207. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-2-5-5

Abstract

This study examined the effects of power-based complex training (PCT) on body composition and muscular strength in male and female collegiate athletes. Twenty one athletes (12 female soccer players and 9 male football players) participated in a supervised PCT program for 6 weeks, which consisted of a variety of Olympic-style and traditional weightlifting movements and plyometrics. Following the 6-week PCT program, males did not significantly alter body composition, whereas females positively altered body composition without a significant change in body weight by increasing muscle mass (+1.32 kg, p = 0.044) and decreasing fat mass (-1.90 kg, p = 0.005) and % body fat (-2.60%, p = 0.006). The 6-week PCT program significantly increased upper and lower body strength in both males and females: 1) clean [males: +10.47%, p = 0.001 and females: +19.98%, p = 0.001], 2) incline press [males: +8.81%, p = 0.021 and females: 8.93%, p = 0.002], and 3) squat [males: +13.17%, p = 0.002 and females: +17.44%, p = 0.001]. A post-training percent change in clean for females was significantly greater than males (19.98 vs. 10.47%, p = 0.001), while the other post-training percent changes were not different. The current study suggests that the 6-week PCT program can positively alter body composition particularly for female athletes and significantly improve upper and lower body strength for both male and female athletes, which will contribute to improvement in athletic performance.

Keywords:
Olympic-style weightlifting plyometrics resistance training collegiate athletes undulating periodization

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