American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014, 2(5), 177-180
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-2-5-1
Open AccessArticle

Are the Children´s Predispositions for Physical Exercise Influenced by Their Body Mass?

Václav Bunc1, and Marie Skalská1

1Faculty of P.E. and Sports Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Pub. Date: September 18, 2014

Cite this paper:
Václav Bunc and Marie Skalská. Are the Children´s Predispositions for Physical Exercise Influenced by Their Body Mass?. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2014; 2(5):177-180. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-2-5-1


Poor nutrition, in addition to an overall lack of exercise, is one of the major issues of the current lifestyle. The most common consequence is the increase in overweight and obesity and decrease of physical fitness. The basic questions needed to be answered when designing exercise intervention: Are the physical assumptions affected by overweight or obese state? The exercise predispositions can be evaluated by the extracellular (ECM) and intracellular (BCM) mass ratio. To verify the dependence of the ECM/BCM on body mass (BM) we calculated ECM/BCM for girls (normal BM, N=1598, mean age=12.8±3.6yrs, BMI=19.5±0.2 kg.m-2; overweight, 178, 12.6±3.2, 24.7±0.4; obese, 219, 12.9±3.4, 29.6±0.6), and in boys (normal BM, N=1810, mean age=12.9±3.9yrs, BMI=19.9±0.3 kg.m-2; overweight, 253, 1286±3.2, 24.9±0.4; obese, 242, 12.9±3.4, 30.3±0.6) differing in BM. We did not find significant differences in the ECM/BCM in girls and the same in boys, and non-significant dependence on BM. In conclusion: 1. the morphological predispositions for exercise are not dependent on BM, 2. do not exist any objective limitations for regular exercise realized in the children, 3. for successful management of an overweight and/or obesity, it is necessary to influence both the diet and exercise.

physical exercise children body composition exercise predisposition muscle morphology bioimpedance

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Brettschneider, W.D., and R.Naul, “Obesity in Europe”. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2007
[2]  Bunc, V., “Walking as a tool of physical fitness and body composition influence”, Antropomotoryka, 57, 63-72, 2012.
[3]  Haskell, W., et al., “Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association”, Med Sci Sports Exercise, 39, 1423-1434, 2007.
[4]  Blair, S.N. and J.C. Connelly, “How much physical activity should we do? The case for moderate amounts and intensities of physical activity”, RQES, 67(2), 193-205, 1996.
[5]  Pate, R.R., and J.RO'Neill, J.R., “Summary of the American Heart Association Scientific statement: Promoting physical activity in children and youth: A leadership role for schools”, JCardiovascular Nursing, 23(1), 44-49, 2008.
[6]  Proper, K.I., et al., “The effectiveness of worksite physical activity programs on physical activity, physical fitness, and health”, Clin J Sport Med, 13(2): 106-117, 2003.
[7]  Bunc, V. et al. “Body composition determination by whole body bioimpedance measurement in women seniors”, ActaUniv Carol Kinathropologica, 36(1), 23-38, 2000.
[8]  Heyward, V.H., and D.R. Wagner, “Applied body composition assessment”, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2004.
[9]  Roche, A.F., S.B.Heymsfield, and T.G.Lohman, “Human body composition”, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 1996.
[10]  Karasik, D. et al., “Disentangling the genetic determinants of human aging: Biological age as an alternative to the use of survival measures”. J Geront, 60(5), 574-587, 2005.
[11]  Blanchard, J., K.A.Conrad, and G.G. Harrison, “Comparison of methods for estimating body composition in young and elderly women”, J GerontBiolSci MedSci, 45, B119-B124, 1990.
[12]  Deurenberg, P., and F.J.Schouten, “Loss of total body water and extracellular water assessed by multifrequency impedance”, Eur J ClinNutr, 4: 247-55, 1992.
[13]  Forbes, G.B., “The adult decline in lean body mass”, Hum Biol, 48: 161-173, 1976.
[14]  Bunc, V., “Možnostistanovenítělesnéhosložení u dětíbioimpedančnímetodou (Possibilities of body composition determination in children using bioimpedance)”, ČasLékčes, 146, 492-496, 2007.
[15]  Karasik, D., et al. “Disentangling the genetic determinants of human aging: Biological age as an alternative to the use of survival measures”, J Geront, 60(5), 574-587, 2005.
[16]  Katzmarzyk, P.T., et al. “International conference on physical activity and obesity in children: summary statement and recommendations”, ApplPhysiolNutrMetab, 33(2), 371-388, 2008.
[17]  Astrand, P.O., and K.Rodahl, “Textbook of Work Physiology”, New York: McGraw Hill; 1986.
[18]  Malina, R.M., and C.Bouchard, “Models and methods for studying body composition. Growth, maturation, and physical activity”, Champaign: Human Kinetics, 1991.
[19]  Spirduso, W.W., “Physical dimensions of aging”, Human Kinetics: Champaign, 1995.
[20]  Bunc, V., et al., “Estimation of body composition by multifrequencybioimpedance measurement in children”, AnnNYAcadSci, 881, 203-204, 2000.
[21]  Vandervoort, M., and A.J.McComas, “Contractile changes in oppositing muscles of the human ankle joint with aging”, J ApplPhysiol, 61: 361-367, 1986.