American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2022, 10(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-10-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Effect of One-side-shoulder Bag Holding with Different Weights on Center of Gravity Shaking during a Standing Posture in Young Women

Yoshinori Nagasawa1, , Shin-ichi Demura2 and Hiroshi Hirai3

1Department of Health and Sports Science, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto, Japan

2College of Human and Social Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan

3Higher Education Development, Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan

Pub. Date: May 17, 2022

Cite this paper:
Yoshinori Nagasawa, Shin-ichi Demura and Hiroshi Hirai. Effect of One-side-shoulder Bag Holding with Different Weights on Center of Gravity Shaking during a Standing Posture in Young Women. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2022; 10(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-10-1-1


Center of gravity shaking (CGS) changes constantly during a standing posture and its variation increases depending on the disturbance stimulus. One-side-shoulder bag (OSB) holding with a heavy weight makes the standing posture unstable because it imposes burden on one side of the shoulder and/or lower back. It is assumed that the effect of OSB on CGS differs by bag weight and the habitual and non-habitual use of one shoulder. This study aimed to examine the effect of different weights and holding shoulders on CGS during OSB in a standing posture in 30 healthy young women aged 21-24 years. The experimental conditions were relative weight loads (0% [non-bag holding], 5%, 10%, and 15% of body mass [BM]) and bag holding shoulder (habitual and non-habitual). The participants maintained a Romberg posture (standing posture with feet closed) with eyes open for 1 minute on the measurement equipment in the above-mentioned eight conditions. The x-axis, y-axis, and total trajectory lengths and outer peripheral area were transmitted to a computer at a sampling rate of 20 Hz. The measurement order was randomized for the different weight loads and holding shoulders. Two measurements were obtained for each condition with a 1-min rest between measurements. The two measurements were then averaged. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the x-axis, y-axis, and total trajectory lengths were significantly higher for weight loads of 10% BM and above. The outer peripheral area value was significantly lower for the habitual holding shoulder. The 10% and 15% BM weights had significantly higher outer peripheral area values compared with the 0% BM weight, and the 15% BM weight had significantly higher outer peripheral area values compared with the 5% and 10% BM weights. The x-axis, y-axis, and total trajectory lengths and outer peripheral area become greater as bag weight increases over 10% BM. OSB holding leads to a larger outer peripheral area in the non-habitual holding shoulder compared with the habitual holding shoulder in young women.

humans functional balance body mass redistribution stability analysis of variance

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