American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN (Print): 2333-4592 ISSN (Online): 2333-4606 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajssm Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2020, 8(1), 8-15
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-8-1-2
Open AccessArticle

The Differences of Kinematic Parameters Javelin throw between Male and Female Finalists World Championship (Berlin, 2009-Daegu, 2011)

Ratko Pavlovic1, , Kemal Idrizovic2, Vladan Savic1, Mensur Vrcic3, Nikola Radulovic4 and Aleksandar Simeonov5

1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo, BIH

2Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, University of Montenegro, Montenegro

3Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sarajevo, BIH

4Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Serbia

5Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Health, University in Skopje, Macedonia

Pub. Date: March 19, 2020

Cite this paper:
Ratko Pavlovic, Kemal Idrizovic, Vladan Savic, Mensur Vrcic, Nikola Radulovic and Aleksandar Simeonov. The Differences of Kinematic Parameters Javelin throw between Male and Female Finalists World Championship (Berlin, 2009-Daegu, 2011). American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2020; 8(1):8-15. doi: 10.12691/ajssm-8-1-2

Abstract

Background: Kinematic parameters are an indispensable segment in the analysis of all throwing disciplines, including javelin throw. They are also an indicator of possible differences between competitors of different or the same rank of the competition and are an important factor for achieving a good result. The aim of the study was to determine the spatial and temporal differences of kinematic parameters in the javelin throw between the male and female finalists of the World Championships. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of finalists in the World Athletics Championships (Berlin 2009-Daegu 2011) with the aim of determining the differences between the kinematic parameters of the male and between the female javelin throwers. The sample included a total of 32 competitors in both categories. To obtain the necessary results, a t-test for independent samples was applied. Result: statistically significant differences were confirmed between male finalists in 60% of kinematic parameters: release velocity (t=3,504; p<0,004), angle of yew (t=4,664; p<0,000), length of delivery stride (t=2,444, p<0,028), distance to foul line (t=5,120), duration of impulse stride (t=-4,462, p<0,001), duration to release (t=-4,837, p<0,000). In women, significant differences in 40% of parameters were confirmed: angle of release (t=-,365, p<0,005), angle of yew (t=9,182; p<0,000), duration of impulse stride (t=-4,140, p<0,001), duration to release (t=-4,409, p<0,001). Conclusion: Generally speaking, this research showed that significant differences were observed between male finalists and between female finalists. Mostly, these are kinematic parameters that have proven to be paramount in the resultant performance of these championship throwers. One should not forget the influence of exogenous factors, above all air currents and javelin behavior as an aerodynamic device. An ideal biomechanical model of the thrower can be made based on the differences in the kinematic parameters of the top medal winners at the Berlin WCh in 2009 and the Daegu WCh in 2011.

Keywords:
elite athletes kinematic parameters javelin throw differences

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